Positron annihilation lifetime and coincidence Doppler broadening study of γ-irradiated polyethylene

  • Yu R
  • Suzuki T
  • Djourelov N
 et al. 
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Abstract

We performed positron annihilation lifetime and coincidence Doppler broadening measurements on γ-irradiated high-density polyethylene (HDPE) at temperatures of 80, 293 and 373 K as a function of the measurement time. At 293 K, it is shown that more than one order of magnitude increase in free radical concentration (1018spins/g) results in a reduction of the ortho-positronium (o-Ps) yield only by ∼2% for HDPE irradiated in vacuum. Stronger Ps formation inhibition was observed in an HDPE irradiated in air, which is attributed to a larger C=O concentration. After temperature was raised from 293 to 373 K, free radicals were found ineffective to the Ps formation. Because of the stabilization of C=O-e+complex at 80 K, enhanced positron trapping by oxygen was observed. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Carbonyl groups
  • Coincidence Doppler broadening
  • Polyethylene
  • Positron annihilation
  • Positronium formation

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Authors

  • R. S. Yu

  • T. Suzuki

  • N. Djourelov

  • K. Kondo

  • Yasuo Ito

  • V. Shantarovich

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