Although the "Great Hysteria" (grande hystérie) of Charcot and Richer is classically considered to be a fabrication, it deserves to be reconsidered. The unsuspected importance of Pseudo-Epileptic Convulsions and the introduction of Dissociative Trance Disorder in DSM-IV, have brought the descriptions of the École de la Salpêtrière up to date. The "delusion of memory" (délire de mémoire) of the final phase holds an important part in these texts; their content evokes traumatic actions, mostly sexual, with no possibility of specifying whether these are memories or fantasies. © 2006 Elsevier SAS. Tous droits réservés.
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