The power of each of four tests of first-order autocorrelation in the linear regression model is determined for a simple and multiple regression model whose parameters are presumed to be known. The tests are: Durbin-Watson bounds test, a test based on Theil's best linear unbiased scalar estimator, a test devised by Abrahamse, Koerts and Louter, and an exact test devised by Durbin. For positive values of the coefficient of autocorrelation the Durbin-Watson bounds test is generally better than the tests based on the estimator proposed by Abrahamse, Koerts and Louter, the best linear unbiased scalar estimator, and the Durbin exact test. For negative values of the coefficient of autocorrelation, the pattern of results is mixed for all four test procedures. A byproduct of these experiments is the demonstrated feasibility of enumerating the distribution of the Durbin-Watson test statistic for any regression matrix and thus eliminating the region of indeterminacy from the Durbin-Watson test procedure. © 1975.
L’Esperance, W. L., & Taylor, D. (1975). The power of four tests of autocorrelation in the linear regression model. Journal of Econometrics, 3(1), 1–21. https://doi.org/10.1016/0304-4076(75)90062-7