Murine monoclonal antibodies reacting with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of Salmonella minnesota strain R595 (Re chemotype) were prepared, and tested for their ability to protect actinomycin D-sensitized mice against lethal endotoxemia. Protection was found with some antibodies up to a 90-fold increase in LD50, whereas others exhibited no protection. The various protective antibodies did not all bind to the same epitope. The same applied for non-protective clones. Protective and non-protective clones could not be discriminated by ELISA. One protective monoclonal antibody (clone 20) was specific for ketodeoxyoctonate, a structural element common to various LPS. These findings show that the involvement of lipid A in the binding site of monoclonal antibodies is no prerequisite for protection. © 1988.
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