The role of RasGAP was investigated in the model system of Xenopus oocytes expressing fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1) stimulated by fibroblast growth factor 1 (FGF1). The injection of the SH2-SH3-SH2 domains of RasGAP suppressed Ras activity, extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase 2 (ERK2) phosphorylation and Mos synthesis. The SH2 domain of Src, and PP2, an inhibitor of Src, also abolished Ras activity, ERK2 phosphorylation and Mos synthesis. In addition, Src activity was blocked by the SH2-SH3-SH2 domains of RasGAP. Immunoprecipitation of a chimera composed of the extracellular domain of the platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) receptor and the intracellular domain of FGFR1 stimulated by PDGF-BB demonstrates the recruitment of phosphorylated RasGAP. This study shows that the transduction cascade induced by the FGFR1-FGF1 interaction in Xenopus oocytes involves RasGAP as a co-activator of Src to stimulate the Ras/mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade and Mos synthesis. It emphasises a new positive regulatory role for RasGAP in FGFR transduction. © 2001 Published by Elsevier Science B.V.
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