Recombinant Escherichia coli cell containing D-amidohydrolase was employed to convert D-N-carbamoyl-p-hydroxyphenylglycine (D-CpHPG) to D-p- hydroxyphenylglycine (D-pHPG). Biotransformations under pH 7 and 40°C allowed to complete conversion of D-CpHPG into D-pHPG. Under the same reaction pH, the D-amidohydrolase activity of the cell in the phosphate buffer was higher than that in the Tris buffer. The activity decreased with the increase of phosphate buffer concentration. Instead of using buffer, the reaction pH maintained constant at 7 by titrating with 1 N HCl resulted in a higher D-pHPG production rate. Flocculating the cell suspension with chitosan and cross-linked by glutaraldehyde made the cell recovery for repeated use much easier. Both the cross-linking and (PMSF; a protease inhibitor) treatments could increase the cell reusability and storage stability. However, the cross-linking decreased the D-amidohydrolase activity of the cell to about 50%. The D-amidohydrolase activities of free and cross-linked cell were inhibited at substrate concentration higher than 150 mM and 100 mM, respectively. The conversion of 150 mM D-CpHPG to D-pHPG could be completed within 7 h for the free cell at the concentration of 10% (wet weight/volume). (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc.
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