The reflection characteristics are analysed for a series of Hamiltonian water-wave models. These variational models have been derived by applying a Boussinesq-like approach to the vertical flow-structure. Both parabolic and hyperbolic-cosine approximations to the vertical structure are considered. Mild-slope approximations are made for the flow velocities, by neglecting horizontal derivatives of the mean water depth in the Hamiltonian density. In all cases, a positive-definite Hamiltonian is ensured, contributing to the good dynamical behaviour of the resulting flow equations.It is found that, in general, the mild-slope approximation results in less good predictions of the reflections, as compared to the steep-slope variants - i.e. without the mild-slope approximation - and the accurate model results of Porter and Porter . However, by carefully choosing the normalisation for the mild-slope models, good reflection characteristics can be obtained while maintaining the simpler structure of the mild-slope model, as compared with the steep-slope variants. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.
Klopman, G., & Dingemans, M. W. (2010). Reflection in variational models for linear water waves. Wave Motion, 47(8), 469–489. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wavemoti.2010.03.003