Regional distribution of gastrin-releasing peptide- (GRP) and somatostatin (SRIF)-like immunoreactivity in the discrete nuclei of the hypothalamus was examined in the rabbit according to Palkovits' microdissection method. GRP-like immunoreactivity (LI) was detected abundantly in the hypothalamus as compared with the cerebral cortex when measured by radioimmunoassay using the antiserum recognizing the C-terminal portion of synthetic porcine GRP. On gel-filtration chromatography of the hypothalamic extracts, two major peaks of GRP-LI were eluted; the peak with larger molecular size corresponded to synthetic porcine GRP1-27and the smaller size to porcine GRP14-27. A concentration of GRP-LI was highest in the infundibular nuclei (IFN) as well as the ventromedial nuclei (VMN), and next high in the paraventricular nuclei (PVN), suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) and periventricular nuclei (PEV). The content of GRP-LI in the median eminence was not so much when compared with them. On the other hand, SRIF was localized in the highest concentration in the ME, followed by the VMN and IFN, as well as the PEV. The findings indicate that porcine GRP-LI exists in the hypothalamus of rabbits with characteristic regional distribution. Concurrent localization of GRP-LI and SRIF in some parts of the hypothalamus may suggest the interaction of both peptides in these areas under various physiological and pathological status. © 1986.
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