Regional distribution of glycogen, glucose and phosphorylated sugars in rat brain after intoxicating doses of ethanol

  • Garriga J
  • Sust M
  • Cussó R
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Ethanol and anaesthetics increase glycogen levels in the brain. However, no data have been reported about the effect of ethanol on glycogen and glucose metabolism in specific brain regions. We have studied the concentrations of glycogen, glucose, glucose 6-P, glucose 1,6-P2and fructose 2,6-P2and the activities of glycogen synthase, glycogen phosphorylase and glycogen phosphorylase kinase in seven brain regions of starved rats following treatment with a single dose or several doses of ethanol. Our results show that: (1) the effect of ethanol on glucose metabolism depends on whether it is given in one single dose or in a series of doses; (2) glycogen concentration increases after a single dose of ethanol but not after long exposure; (3) glucose, glucose 6-P in some areas, and the bisphosphorylated sugar, fructose 2,6-P2significantly increase after prolonged exposure to ethanol; and (4) the enzymatic activities of glycogen metabolism are not modified after a long exposure to ethanol. In summary, these data show that ethanol may modify the use of glycogen, glucose and derivatives in brain. Moreover, the changes produced depend on the pattern of ethanol intake and the brain area considered. © 1994.

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  • J. Garriga

  • M. Sust

  • R. Cussó

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