The effects of JH and ecdysone on pupal differentiation of the wing disk of Bombyx mori were studied in vivo and in vitro. JH prevents pupal differentiation during larval life by stopping a particular stage of the cell cycle. Immediately after allatectomy, a cell cycle sets in without ecdysone, but afterwards wing disks obtain the competence to differentiate to the pupal type in response to ecdysterone. Disks older than 2 days after allatectomy can develop to the pupal type with an abrupt increase of mitosis in a certain concentration of ecdysterone in vitro. Once the disks have gained such competence and begun pupal development, JH no longer exhibits the effect that prevents DNA synthesis, which is enhanced by ecdysterone. It is therefore suggested that there are two phases in DNA synthesis: one which is important for achieving competence and is inhibited by JH and relatively independent of ecdysone; and another which is important for morphogenetic development and depends on ecdysone but is not inhibited by JH. © 1975.
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