Repeated episodes of ozone inhalation attenuates airway injury/repair and release of substance P, but not adaptation

  • Schelegle E
  • Walby W
  • Alfaro M
 et al. 
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Abstract

To determine the impact of repeated episodes of ozone exposure on physiologic adaptation, epithelial injury/repair, and tracheal substance P levels, adult rats were subjected to episodes of ozone (5 days, 1 ppm, 8 h/day) followed by 9 days of filtered air for four cycles. Rats were sampled on days 1 and 5 of each episode and 9 days after day 5 of episodes 1, 2, and 4. One hour before being euthanized each rat was injected with 5-bromo-2′-deoxyuridine to label proliferating cells. Each 5-day episode showed a characteristic pattern of rapid shallow breathing (days 1 and 2), epithelial injury, and interstitial and intraluminal inflammation. In contrast, the neutrophil component of inflammation, tracheal substance P release, and cell proliferation became attenuated with each consecutive episode of exposure. Concurrent with this cyclic and attenuated response there was progressive hypercellularity and hyperplasia in all airways studied and a progressive remodeling present in the terminal bronchioles. Our findings are consistent with the notion that the cumulative distal airway lesion is at least in part the result of a depressed cell proliferative response to injury in these airways. This depressed cell proliferative response may be in part the result of diminished neutrophil inflammation and/or release of mitogenic neuropeptides in response to ozone-induced injury. © 2003 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Adaptation
  • Airway injury
  • Episodic exposure
  • Ozone
  • Repair
  • Substance P

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Authors

  • Edward S. Schelegle

  • William F. Walby

  • Mario F. Alfaro

  • Viviana J. Wong

  • Lei Putney

  • Mary Y. Stovall

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