The present study shows that in brain mitochondria the active calcium uptake and the sodium-dependent calcium efflux are modulated by the porin-bound enzyme hexokinase. The release of the enzyme, promoted by glucose-6-phosphate (G-6-P), under conditions which do not affect mitochondrial functions, is accompanied by a decrease of the rates of fluxes of the cation. This phenomenon is discussed and correlated with the formation of microcompartments between the inner and outer mitochondrial membranes, where the hexokinase-porin complex may constitute a regulating gate system for calcium. © 1985.
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