The controversy over white flight and its effect on central city population composition grew out of an earlier controversy over the role of busing and its use to desegregate urban schools. Now, there is general agreement that white school enrollment losses do occur in school systems when there is mandatory busing for integration purposes, where there are large minority populations, accessible white suburbs, and when the busing program is district-wide. Although there is general agreement on the existence of white flight, there is less agreement on the temporal nature of that flight. The recent debate is related to conflicting models of white flight. This paper suggests a more clearly specified model to examine the temporal effects of white flight, and examines some specific impacts of white flight in a case study of Norfolk, Virginia. © 1987.
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