Secular Effects on Orbits of Binary Stars Induced by Temporal Variation of Gravitational Constant (Case for Elliptical Orbit)

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In this paper we investigate the influence of a varying gravitation constant on the orbits of celestial bodies. Regarding the eccentric anomaly as an independent variable, we find the solutions to the perturbed equations of motion. In the first order solutions, we find the secular and periodic variations in semi-major axis. For the other orbital elements only periodic variations exhibit. However in the second order solutions, the longitude of periastron and the mean longitude have secular terms. Applying the calculations to six selected binaries, we give the numerical estimations of the variations of orbits. These results are then carefully compared and discussed. © 2012.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Binaries: general
  • Celestial mechanics

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  • Lin Sen Li

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