Contractions evoked by noradrenaline (1 μM) or a depolarizing solution of 60 mM KCI were concentration dependently depressed by the aporphine alkaloids (S)-boldine and (R)-apomorphine in rataorta. Both drugs had a greater inhibitory potency on the contraction elicited by noradrenaline. Dose-response curves for noradrenaline were shifted to the right in presence of (S)-boldine. (R)-Apomorphine acted by a complex mechanism at α1-adrenoceptors and its inhibitory effects was irreversible. The conformational features of these alkaloids may explain their different behaviour at α1-adrenoceptors. In Ca2+-free solution, the alkaloids inhibited the contraction evoked by noradrenaline but did not modify (apomorphine) or increase (boldine) the contractile response induced by caffeine. Both alkaloids interacted with [3H]prazosin binding and with the benzothiazepine binding site of the Ca2+entry receptor complex but had no effect at the dihydropyridine binding site in the rat cerebral cortex. Both drugs showed some selectivity as inhibitors of [3H]prazosin binding as opposed to [3H]d-cis ditiazem binding. (R)-Apomorphine slightly inhibited one of the two forms of the Ca2+-independent, low Kmcyclic AMP-phosphodiesterase (type IV), whereas it did not have a significant effect on the other phosphodiesterase forms. (S)-Boldine had negligible inhibitory effects on all phosphodiesterase forms. The present study provides evidence that (S)-boldine and (R)-apomorphine have interesting properties as Ca2+entry blockers (through the benzothiazepine receptor site in the Ca2+channel) and at α1-adrenoceptors. © 1983.
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