The ancient gravel stratum near Nanjing, China, is a major stratum of Cenozoic age along the middle–lower reaches of the Yangtze River. This paper first presents a typical geological profile and material composition of the ancient gravel stratum, and then discusses its geologic origin, soil–rock-forming processes, engineering mechanical properties, and their relations. These analyses are useful for city planning, geotechnical engineering, construction, and characterization of the geological environment in the Nanjing area.
Xia, J. (2005). Soil–rock-forming processes and engineering mechanical properties of the ancient gravel stratum near Nanjing, China. Engineering Geology, 78(3), 209–214. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enggeo.2004.12.006