The fluorescence and ultraviolet spectroscopy were explored to study the interaction between Naphazoline hydrochloride (Naphcon) and bovine serum albumin (BSA) at three different temperatures (292, 301, and 310 K) under imitated physiological conditions. The quenching mechanism of BSA by Naphacon was interpreted using the Stern-Volmer mechanism, and a combined quenching (dynamic and static quenching). The binding constants, binding sites and the corresponding thermodynamic parameters (ΔG, ΔH, and ΔS) of the interaction system were calculated at different temperatures. According to Förster non-radiation energy transfer theory, the binding distance between BSA and Naphcon was found to be 4.71 nm. Synchronous fluorescence spectroscopy showed the conformation of BSA changed in the presence of Naphacon. In addition, the effect of some common metal ions (Mg2+, Ca2+, Ni2+, Cu2+, and Fe2+) on the binding constant between Naphcon and BSA was examined. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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