Protein analysis and genetic studies have led to the identification of the structural genes of iso-1-cytochrome c and iso-2-cytochrome c, which constitute, respectively, 95% and 5% of the total amount of cytochrome c in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The structural gene CYC1 for iso-1-cytochrome c was previously identified by Sherman et al. (1966) and the structural gene CYC7 for iso-2-cytochrome c is identified in this investigation. A series of the following mutations were selected by appropriate procedures and shown by genetic tests to be allelic: CYC7+ →CYC7-1 →cyc7-1-1 →CYC7-1-1-A, etc., where CYC7 + denotes the wild-type allele determining iso-2-cytochrome c; CYC7-1 denotes a dominant mutant allele causing an approximately 30-fold increase of iso-2-cytochrome c with a normal sequence, and was used as an aid in selecting deficient mutants; cyc7-1-1 denotes a recessive mutant allele causing complete deficiency of iso-2-cytochrome c; and CYC7-1-1-A denotes an intragenic revertant having an altered iso-2-cytochrome c at the same level as iso-2-cytochrome c in the CYC7-1 strains. The suppression of cyc7-1-1 with the known amber suppressor SUP7-a indicated that the defect in cyc7-1-1 was an amber (UAG) nonsense codon. Sequencing revealed a single amino acid replacement of a tyrosine residue for the normal glutamine residue at position 24 in iso-2-cytochrome c from the suppressed cyc7-1-1 strain and also in five revertants of cyc7-1-1, of which three were due to extragenic suppression and two to intragenic reversion. The nature of the mutation that elevated the level of normal iso-2-cytochrome c in the CYC7-1 strain was not identified, although it occurred at or very near the CYC7 locus but outside the translated portion of the gene and it may be associated with a chromosomal aberration. Genetic studies demonstrated that CYC7 is not linked to CYC1, the structural gene for iso-1-cytochrome c. © 1977.
Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research
Choose a citation style from the tabs below