The crystal structures of CaCl2·galactitol·4 H2O and 2EuCl3·galactitol·14 H2O were determined to compare the coordination behavior of Ca and lanthanide ions. The crystal system of the Ca-galactitol complex, CaCl2·C6H14O6·4 H2O, is monoclinic, Cc space group. Each Ca ion is coordinated to eight oxygen atoms, four from two galactitol molecules and four from water molecules. Galactitol provides O-2, -3 to coordinate to one Ca2+, and O-4, -5 with another Ca2+, to form a chain structure. The crystal system of the Eu-galactitol complex, 2EuCl3·C6H14O6·14 H2O, is triclinic, P1̄ space group. Each Eu ion is coordinated to nine oxygen atoms, three from an alditol molecule and six from water molecules. Each galactitol provides O-1, -2, -3 to coordinate with one Eu3+ and O-4, -5, -6 with another Eu3+. The other water molecules are hydrogen-bonded in the structure. The similar IR spectra of Pr-, Nd-, Sm-, Eu-, Dy-, and Er-galactitol complexes show that those lanthanide ions have the same coordination mode to neutral galactitol. The Raman spectra also confirm the formation of metal ion-carbohydrate complexes. © 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Yang, L., Su, Y., Liu, W., Jin, X., & Wu, J. (2002). Sugar interaction with metal ions. The coordination behavior of neutral galactitol to Ca(II) and lanthanide ions. Carbohydrate Research, 337(16), 1485–1493. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0008-6215(02)00130-1