Theoretical study on the second hyperpolarizabilities of tetrathiafulvalene (TTF) and tetrathiapentalene (TTP) using highly correlated ab initio MO and the density functional theory methods

  • Yamada S
  • Nakano M
  • Kishi R
 et al. 
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Abstract

We investigate the static second hyperpolarizabilities (γ) of tetrathiafulvalene (TTF) and tetrathiapentalene (TTP) using the ab initio molecular orbital (MO) method. The cationic radical states of these systems (TTF+{radical dot} and TTP+{radical dot}) are expected to have large negative γ values, which are rare in organic systems, based on our classification rule of γ. It turns out that at the higher-order electron correlation level TTP+{radical dot} gives a large negative γ value though TTF+{radical dot} gives a positive γ. We also investigate the applicability of the density functional theory (DFT) methods to the calculation of the γ values for these systems. By tuning the mixing parameter of DFT/HF exchange term, a DFT method turns out to semiquantitatively reproduce the γ values of TTP and TTP+{radical dot} at the higher-order electron correlation method, i.e., CCSD(T), while fail in reproducing the γ value of TTF+{radical dot}. This suggests the necessity of further improvement in correlation functional for obtaining reliable γ values of charged radical states. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Conductivity
  • Hyperpolarizability
  • Nonlinear optics
  • Radical

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Authors

  • Satoru Yamada

  • Masayoshi Nakano

  • Ryohei Kishi

  • Suguru Ohta

  • Hideaki Takahashi

  • Shin ichi Furukawa

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