Thermodynamic modelling of the spontaneous vitrification process using transformation diagrams

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Abstract

Spontaneous vitrification is a phenomenon where a crystalline phase transforms to the amorphous phase on annealing at low temperatures. It has been reported to occur in several binary alloy systems. This phenomenon has been widely investigated in the TiCr system through experiments as well as thermodynamic modeling. The models reported in literature suffer from several drawbacks. They are not consistent with experimental observations. These models treat this non-equilibrium process as an essentially equilibrium process albeit involving two meta-stable phases. The thermodynamics of the "spontaneous vitrification" process has been modeled using the concept of Transformation Diagrams. This method considers the thermodynamics of non-equilibrium phase transformation and does not involve assumptions of equilibrium at any stage. A significant conclusion derived from the present model is that it is the close-packed hcp structure that transforms to the amorphous phase whereas the transformation of the relatively open bcc structure to the amorphous phase is forbidden thermodynamically. These conclusions are in contrast with the predictions of the earlier models. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Ranganathan, S., & Ramachandra Rao, P. (2010). Thermodynamic modelling of the spontaneous vitrification process using transformation diagrams. Calphad: Computer Coupling of Phase Diagrams and Thermochemistry, 34(4), 387–392. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.calphad.2010.07.004

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