Thermogravimetric measurements of weight loss accompanying the pyrolysis of four pitches have been made over a range of linear heating rates. For three of the samples, the data at each heating rate could be described by an integral and a differential method of analysis, assuming a simple order function for f(α), with the result that the apparent activation energy increased with heating rate. The data for all four samples could also be satisfactorily described by the Ozawa or Friedman multiple heating rate methods, and these resulted in apparent activation energies (Ea) which increased with the value of β at which they were determined. It is suggested that this tendency for the apparent activation energy to increase, as the temperature is raised, is due to a change in the relative importance of the different reactions which lead to weight loss in this system. The apparent kinetic parameters all fall on a common compensation plot which is used to explain the relative magnitude of Ea values from Ozawa and Doyle methods of analysis. The higher values of Ea from Friedman than from Ozawa analyses are also explained. © 1980, All rights reserved.
Collett, G. W., & Rand, B. (1980). Thermogravimetric investigation of the pyrolysis of pitch materials. A compensation effect and variation in kinetic parameters with heating rate. Thermochimica Acta, 41(2), 153–165. https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6031(80)80060-8