Topological representations, using the bond graph rotation developed in Part 1, are presented for several common thermodynamic couplings. Examples of more complex systems are presented, including diffusion with chemical reaction, relaxation oscillations in electrochemical systems and nonlinear phenomena in charged membrane structures. © 1971.
Oster, G. F. (1971). Topological representations of thermodynamic systems-II. Some elemental subunits for irreversible thermodynamics. Journal of the Franklin Institute, 292(2), 77–92. https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-0032(71)90196-7