We analysed the ability of a plasmid carrying the gene encoding glycoprotein D (gD) of pseudorabies virus (PRV) to induce humoral and cell- mediated immune responses and assessed the protection provided by PRV-gD DNA vaccination against challenge infection with PRV. Immunization with plasmid PRV-gD induced neutralizing antibodies and lymphocyte proliferative responses both in mice and pigs. Moreover, when challenged with virulent PRV six weeks following the last immunization, PRV-gD DNA vaccinated pigs excreted virus for a significantly shorter period and showed less clinical symptoms than pigs vaccinated with a control plasmid. Thus, in the target animal, DNA vaccination with PRV-gD DNA induces protective immunity against challenge infection.
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