A video coding system for applications requiring very low bit-rate is presented. This coding scheme uses an intraframe coder for the initial frame in the video sequence and subsequent frames are coded using an interframe coding method. A wavelet-based technique is used for intraframe coding. For interframe coding, displaced frame differences (DFD) are computed and coded using a segmentation-based method wherein the displaced frame difference is segmented into active and inactive regions using morphological operators. To meet the very low bit-rate requirements, the motion vectors are processed so as to reduce their contribution to the overall bit-rate. To reduce coding artifacts, a post-processing technique is developed for use at the decoder. Coding performance of the proposed coding scheme is evaluated at 16 kbit/s and 32 kbit/s using luminance component of several typical test sequences at QCIF resolution with a frame rate 8.3 frame/s. © 1995.
Li, W., Bhaskaran, V., & Kunt, M. (1995). Very low bit-rate video coding with DFD segmentation. Signal Processing: Image Communication, 7(4–6), 419–434. https://doi.org/10.1016/0923-5965(95)00012-9