- Degree in Medicine, University of Messina, Italy Oct 1989
- Specialization in Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases,
University of Messina, Italy Oct 1994.
- Specific training in General Medical Practice for the period
1994-95 following directive 86/457/EEC.
- Feb 2002: Ph.D in Experimental and Clinical
- Dec 2002: Two-year scholarship for post-Ph.D activity in
Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology, University of
Association of parathyroid carcinoma and thyroid disorders: A clinical review