Marie Ruel Ph.D. International Nutrition

Director, Poverty, Health, and Nutrition Division

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Location
Washington, District of Columbia, United States
Discipline
Medicine

  • 4 Followers

About

Marie T. Ruel was appointed Division Director of IFPRI's Food Consumption and Nutrition Division in 2004. From 1996 until her current appointment, she served as Senior Research Fellow and Research Fellow in that division. Since joining IFPRI, she led the Multi-Country Program on Challenges to Urban Food and Nutrition and the Global Regional Project on Diet Quality and Diet Changes of the Poor. Prior to IFPRI, she was head of the Nutrition and Health Division at the Institute of Nutrition of Central America and Panama/Pan American Health Organization (INCAP/PAHO) in Guatemala. Dr. Ruel received her Ph.D. in International Nutrition from Cornell University and her Masters in Health Sciences from Laval University in Canada.

Dr. Ruel has worked for more than 20 years on issues related to policies and programs to alleviate poverty and child malnutrition in developing countries. She has published extensively in nutrition and epidemiology journals on topics such as maternal and child nutrition, food based strategies to improve diet quality and micronutrient nutrition, urban livelihoods, food security and nutrition, and the development of indicators of child feeding and care practices. She has served on various international expert committees, such as the National Academy of Sciences, the International Zinc in Nutrition Consultative Group, and the International Micronutrient Advisory Group of Experts established by the World Health Organization.


Current Research:
Applied research in program evaluation and nutrition policies
Multi-country research program to analyze the food security and nutrition implications of rapid urbanization in developing countries
Research in the area of micronutrient deficiencies

Countries of Expertise:
Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Haiti, Burundi, Mozambique, Ghana

Language Skills:
French, English, Spanish



PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITIES

1996-1997: Elected member of the Institute of Medicine's Committee on International Nutrition: Served on the Vitamin C in Food Aid Commodities committee (Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences)

1996-1998: Member of the Executive Committee of the Society for International Nutrition Research

1998-present: Member of the International Union of Nutritional Sciences (IUNS)-Committee II/3 (Committee on Urbanization and Nutrition)

2000-present: Elected member of the International Zinc Consultative Group (IZiNCG)

2003-present: Appointed member of WHO’s International Micronutrient Advisory Group of Experts (IMAGE)

2008-present: Elected member of Helen Keller International HKI’s Program Advisory Committee (PAC)

2009-present: Member of the High Level Technical Group (GTAN) of the Study on the “Nutritional Dimensions of Social Protection Networks in Central America and the Dominican Republic” convened by the World Food Program (WFP), Regional office for Latin America and the Caribbean

2010-present: Elected member of a planning committee for two workshops organized by the National Academies’ Roundtable on Science and Technology focused on global food security.

2010-present: Elected member of the Independent Advisory Panel for the Access to Nutrition Index (ATNI) established by the Global Alliance for Nutrition (GAIN)

2010-present: Elected member of High Level Nutrition Advisory Group for the Millennium Villages Project

PEER REVIEWER FOR:

Journals: Appetite, American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Food Policy, Food and Nutrition Bulletin, Health Policy and Planning, International Journal of Public Health, Journal of Development Studies, Journal of Nutrition, Lancet, Pediatrics, PLoS Medicine, Public Health Nutrition, World Development, Salud Pública de Mexico, World Health Organization (WHO) Bulletin.

Research proposals, books, reports abstracts for international conferences: proposals for AID Child Survival Program (1996-98); book for UNU-WIDER; book for Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública, Mexico; report for Mainstreaming Nutrition in Maternal and Child Health project for ICDDR,B; report for SUSTAIN; abstracts for Global Health Council, Experimental Biology, International Union of Nutritional Sciences, 3ie (International Initiative on Impact Evaluation).

TEACHING EXPERIENCE

Professor, Epidemiology, Masters in Nutrition, University of San Carlos/INCAP, Guatemala
- Elaboration of the curriculum for 2 Epidemiology courses: Introductory and Advanced
- Teaching the Advanced Nutritional Epidemiology course
- Advisor to 3 graduate students (1994-1995)

Assistant Visiting Professor, School of Public Health, Emory University (1995)

Teaching Assistant, Cornell University; Graduate courses:
- Advanced Epidemiology (1987 and 1989)
- Methods for Conducting Meta-Analyses (1989)

Teaching Assistant, Laval University;
- Diet Therapy (1976)
- Quantity Food Production, Administration of Food Production Systems (1979-1980)
More... Less...

Publications

  • A 2-Year Integrated Agriculture and Nutrition and Health Behavior Change Communication Program Targeted to Women in Burkina Faso Reduces Anemia , Wasting , and Diarrhea in Children 3 – 12 . 9 Months of Age at Baseline : A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Tri

    Olney D, Pedehombga A, Ruel M, Dillon A

    Journal of Nutrition (2015)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Plant breeding: a long-term strategy for the control of zinc deficiency in vulnerable populations

    Ruel M, Bouis H

    American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (1997)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Anaemia in infancy in rural Bangladesh: contribution of iron deficiency, infections and poor feeding practices.

    Rawat R, Saha K, Kennedy A, Rohner F, Ruel M, Menon P

    The British Journal of Nutrition (2013)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • National Micronutrients Status Survey Institute of Public Health and Nutrition 2011-12. Final Report.

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • A 2-Year Integrated Agriculture and Nutrition and Health Behavior Change Communication Program Targeted to Women in Burkina Faso Reduces Anemia , Wasting , and Diarrhea in Children 3 – 12 . 9 Months of Age at Baseline : A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Tri

    Olney D, Pedehombga A, Ruel M, Dillon A

    Journal of Nutrition (2015)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Exploring the long-term impact of development interventions within life-history narratives in rural Bangladesh.

    Davis P

    Journal of Development Effectiveness (2011)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • High prevalence of anemia with lack of iron deficiency among women in rural Bangladesh: A role for thalassemia and iron in groundwater

    Merrill R, Shamim A, Ali H, Labrique A, Schulze K, Christian P et al.

    Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2012)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Women's empowerment and child nutritional status in South Asia: a synthesis of the literature.

    Cunningham K, Ruel M, Ferguson E, Uauy R

    Maternal & child nutrition (2015)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Maternal Education Mitigates the Negative Effects of Higher Income on the Double Burden of Child Stunting and Maternal Overweight in Rural Mexico

    Leroy J, Habicht J, Gonz T

    Journal of Nutrition (2014)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Measuring and Tracking the Access Dimension of Food Security: Available Indicators and Recommendations for Future Investments. GNR 2014 Technical Note 6:

    Ruel M, Ballard T, Deitchler M

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Anaemia in infancy in rural Bangladesh: contribution of iron deficiency, infections and poor feeding practices.

    Rawat R, Saha K, Kennedy A, Rohner F, Ruel M, Menon P

    The British journal of nutrition (2014)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Program impact pathway analysis of a social franchise model shows potential to improve infant and young child feeding practices in Vietnam.

    Nguyen P, Menon P, Keithly S, Kim S, Hajeebhoy N, Tran L et al.

    The Journal of nutrition (2014)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Linear Growth Deficit Continues to Accumulate beyond the First 1000 Days in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Global Evidence from 51 National Surveys.

    Leroy J, Ruel M, Habicht J, Frongillo E

    The Journal of nutrition (2014)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Household food insecurity is associated with higher child undernutrition in Bangladesh, Ethiopia, and Vietnam, but the effect is not mediated by child dietary diversity

    Ali D, Saha K, Nguyen P, Diressie M, Ruel M, Menon P et al.

    The Journal of nutrition (2013)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Bringing rigor to evaluations of large-scale programs to improve infant and young child feeding and nutrition: The evaluation designs for the Alive & Thrive initiative

    Menon P, Rawat R, Ruel M

    Food and Nutrition Bulletin (2013)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Learning how programs achieve their impact:Embedding theory-driven process evaluation and other program learning mechanisms in Alive & Thrive

    Rawat R, Nguyen P, Ali D, Saha K, Alayon S, Kim K et al.

    Food and Nutrition Bulletin (2013)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Diet Quality in Developing Countries. Chapter 18

    Ruel M, Harris J, Cunningham K

    Diet Quality: An Evidence-Based Approach. (2013)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Nutrition-sensitive interventions and programmes: how can they help to accelerate progress in improving maternal and child nutrition?

    Ruel M, Alderman H

    The Lancet (2013)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Maternal mental health is associated with child undernutrition and illness in Bangladesh, Vietnam and Ethiopia

    Nguyen P, Saha K, Ali D, Menon P, Manohar S, Mai L et al.

    Public Health Nutrition (2013)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Maternal and child dietary diversity are associated in Bangladesh, Vietnam, and Ethiopia.

    Nguyen P, Avula R, Ruel M, Saha K, Ali D, Tran L et al.

    J Nutr (2013)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Micronutrient sprinkles are effective at reducing anemia among children 6-24 months in rural

    Ruel M, Loechl C, Arimond M, Habicht J, Pelto G

    The FASEB Journal (2006)

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  • Prevention Is Better than Cure. Final Report of the Evaluation: Prevention or Cure? Comparing Preventive and Recuperative Approaches to Targeting Maternal and Child Health and Nutrition Programs in Rural Haiti - Executive Summary of the Evaluation Report

    Menon P, Ruel M, Arimond M, Habicht J, Hankebo B, Loechl C et al.

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Identifying Potential Programs and Platforms to Deliver Multiple Micronutrient Interventions

    Olney D, Rawat R, Ruel M

    Journal of Nutrition (2012)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Undernutrition, Poor Feeding Practices, and Low Coverage of Key Nutrition Interventions

    Lutter C, Daelmans B, de Onis M, Kothari M, Ruel M, Arimond M et al.

    Pediatrics originally published online November 7, 2011 (2011)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • A situational review of infant and young child feeding practices and interventions in Viet Nam

    Nguyen P, Menon P, Ruel M, Hajeebhoy N

    Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2011)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Value Chains for Nutrition. 2020 Conference: Leveraging Agriculture for Improving Nutrition and Health. 2020 Conference Paper #4.

    Hawkes C, Ruel M

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • The micronutrient impact of multisectoral programs focusing on nutrition: Examples from conditional cash transfer, microcredit with education, and agricultural programs

    Leroy J, Ruel M, Verhofstadt E, Olney D

    Micronutrient Forum 2008 (2008)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Preventive targeting of food aid and behavior change communication to 6-24-mo old children is more effective in reducing undernutrition than targeting malnourished children in rural Haiti

    Ruel M, Menon P, Loechl C, Arimond M, Habicht J, Pelto G et al.

    Abstract prepared and submitted to Experimental Biology 2007 Meetings, Washington, D.C. (2007)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Translating knowledge about child feeding into adoption of practices: Comparison of two approaches to targeting food aid and behavior change communication (BCC) in maternal and child health programs

    Menon P, Ruel M, Mbuya M, Loechl C, Pelto G, Arimond M et al.

    Abstract prepared and submitted to Experimental Biology 2007 Meetings, Washington, D.C. (2007)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • From food aid programs to household food security: Insights from two approaches to targeting food assisted maternal and child health programs in rural Haiti

    Menon P, Ruel M, Arimond M, Loechl C, Habicht J, Pelto G et al.

    Abstract prepared and submitted to Experimental Biology 2007 Meetings, Washington, D.C. (2007)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Shared correct knowledge: A measure to assess the influence of community health workers on mothers’ knowledge acquisition in a behavior change communication program in rural Haiti

    Mbuya M, Menon P, Habicht J, Pelto G, Frongillo E, Ruel M

    Abstract prepared and submitted to Experimental Biology 2007 Meetings, Washington, D.C. (2007)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Micronutrient sprinkles are effective at reducing anemia among children 6-24 months in rural Haiti

    Menon P, Ruel M, Loechl C, Arimond M, Habicht J, Pelto G

    Abstract prepared and submitted to Experimental Biology 2006 Meetings, San Francisco (2005)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Patterns and determinants of fruit and vegetable consumption in Sub-Saharan Africa

    Ruel M, Minot N, Smith L

    Joint FAO/WHO Workshop on Fruit and Vegetables for Health, September 1–3, Kobe, Japan (2004)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Patterns and determinants of fruit and vegetable demand in developing countries: A multi-country comparison

    Ruel M

    Report of a Joint FAO/WHO Workshop on Fruit and Vegetables for Health, September 1-3, Kobe, Japan (2004)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Progress in developing an infant and child feeding index: An example using the Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey 2000

    Arimond M, Ruel M

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • The constraints to good child care practices in an urban environment: Findings from Accra, Ghana

    Armar-Klemesu M, Ruel M, Maxwell D, Levin C, Morris S

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Working women in an urban setting: Traders, vendors, and food security in Accra

    Levin C, Maxwell D, Armar-Klemesu M, Ruel M, Morris S, Ahiadeke C

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • The GAPVU transfer program in Mozambique: An assessment

    Datt G, Payongayong E, Garrett J, Ruel M

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Agricultural interventions and nutrition outcomes: Lessons from the past and new evidence

    Arimond M, Hawkes C, Ruel M, Zifri Z, Berti P, Leroy J et al.

    Combating Micronutrient Deficiencies: Food-based Approaches (2011)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • The links between agriculture and health: An intersectoral opportunity to improve the health and livelihoods of the poor

    Hawkes C, Ruel M

    Science, technology and innovation for public health in Africa (2009)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Investing in early childhood nutrition

    Ruel M, Hoddinott J

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Accelerating Progress Toward Reducing Child Malnutrition in India. A Concept for Action

    Von Braun J, Ruel M, Gulati A

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Zinc fortification

    Ruel M

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • The Guatemala Community Day Care Program: An example of effective urban programming

    Ruel M, Quisumbing A, Hallman K, Brière B, Coj de Salazar N

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Measuring progress: Update on indicators of complementary feeding

    Ruel M, Arimond A

    33rd annual international conference on global health, May 30–June 2, 2006 (2006)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Overview. In Understanding the links between agriculture and health

    Hawkes C, Ruel M

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Operations research: How it can strengthen food-aid programs

    Ruel M, Loechl C, Pelto G, Menon P

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • The Guatemala Community Daycare Program: Effective food aid targeting in urban areas. IFPRI/WFP Brief—Linking Research and Action. Strengthening Food Assistance and Food Policy Research.

    Ruel M

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Urban livelihoods, food and nutrition security in greater Accra

    Maxwell D, Levin C, Armar-Klemesu M, Ruel M, Morris S, Ahiadeke C

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Achieving urban food and nutrition security in the developing world. 2020 Vision Focus 3.

    Garrett J, Ruel M

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Informe de la Encuesta Guatemalteca de Salud Familiar (#DCE/027)

    Pebley A, Goldman N, Delgado H, Flores R, Ruel M, Chew F

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Quantifying the association between child feeding practices and nutritional status in Latin America: Innovative uses of the Demographic and Health Surveys

    Ruel M, Menon P

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Some urban facts of life: Implications for research and policy

    Ruel M, Haddad L, Garrett J

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Urban challenges to food and nutrition security: A review of food security, health, and caregiving in the cities

    Ruel M, Garrett J, Morris S, Maxwell D

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Does geographic targeting of nutrition interventions make sense in cities? Evidence from Abidjan and Accra

    Morris S, Levin C, Armar-Klemesu M, Maxwell D, Ruel M

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Assessing care: Progress towards the measurement of selected childcare and feeding practices, and implications for programs

    Arimond M, Ruel M

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • A multiple-method approach to studying childcare in an urban environment

    Ruel M, Armar-Klemesu M, Arimond M

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Moving forward with complementary feeding: Indicators and research priorities

    Ruel M, Brown K, Caulfield L

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Stunted child - overweight mother pairs: An emerging policy concern?

    Garrett J, Ruel M

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Maquiladoras and market mamas: women's work and childcare in Guatemala City and Accra

    Quisumbing A, Hallman K, Ruel M

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Why is child malnutrition lower in urban than rural areas? Evidence from 36 developing countries

    Smith L, Ruel M, Ndiaye A

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • The use of operations research as tool for monitoring and managing food-assisted maternal/child health nutrition (MCHN) programs: an example from Haiti

    Loechl C, Ruel M, Pelto G, Menon P

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Improving diet quality and micronutrient nutrition: Homestead food production in Bangladesh

    Iannotti L, Cunningham K, Ruel M

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Rapid urbanization and the challenges of obtaining food and nutrition security

    Ruel M, Garrett J, Haddad L

    Nutrition and health in developing countries (2008)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Monitoring and evaluation

    Ruel M

    Guidelines for fortification with micronutrients (2006)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Zinc deficiency: Issues for public health, assessment and prevention

    Rivera J, Brown K, Ruel M

    Modern aspects of nutrition: Present knowledge and future perspectives (2003)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Food-based approaches for alleviating micronutrient malnutrition: An overview

    Ruel M, Levin C

    Food systems for improved human nutrition: Linking agriculture, nutrition and productivity (2002)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Rapid urbanization and the challenges of obtaining food and nutrition security

    Ruel M, Haddad L, Garrett J

    Nutrition and health in developing countries (2001)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • The natural history of growth failure: importance of intrauterine and postnatal periods

    Ruel M

    Nutrition and growth (2001)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Urbanización en América Latina: Limitaciones y oportunidades en la alimentación y en el cuidado de niñas y niños. Resultados de una Consultoría Técnica de la Organización Panamericana de la Salud (OPS) y Proyecto LINKAGES

    Ruel M

    Alimentos Complementarios Procesados en América Latina (2000)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Trends in stunting: Is age an issue?

    Ruel M, Morris S, Barquera-Cervera S

    Third report on the world nutrition situation (1997)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Resumen de los hallazgos del estudio de suplementación del INCAP y del estudio de seguimiento y su relevancia para los programas de distribución de alimentos

    Ruel M, Rivera J, Martorell R

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • La importancia de la escolaridad materna en la salud, el crecimiento y la sobrevivencia del niño

    Ruel M

    Documentos Técnicos Edición XLV Aniversario (1994)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Two food-assisted maternal and child health nutrition programs helped mitigate the impact of economic hardship on child stunting in Haiti

    Donegan S, Maluccio J, Myers C, Menon P, Ruel M, Habicht J

    Journal of Nutrition (2010)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • The Oriente study: program and policy impacts.

    Ruel M

    Journal of Nutrition (2010)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • The food, fuel, and financial crises affect the urban and rural poor disproportionately: a review of the evidence

    Ruel M, Garrett J, Hawkes C, Cohen M

    Journal of Nutrition (2010)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Using programme theory to assess the feasibility of delivering micronutrient Sprinkles through a food-assisted maternal and child health and nutrition programme in rural Haiti

    Loechl C, Menon P, Arimond M, Ruel M, Pelto G, Habicht J et al.

    Maternal and Child Nutrition (2009)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Age-based preventive targeting of food assistance and behaviour change communication for reduction of childhood undernutrition in Haiti: A cluster randomized trial

    Ruel M, Menon P, Habicht J, Loechl C, Bergeron G, Pelto G et al.

    Lancet (2008)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Addressing the underlying determinants of undernutrition: Examples of successful integration of nutrition in poverty-reduction and agriculture strategies

    Ruel M

    SCN News (2008)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Assessing supervisory and motivational factors in the context of a program evaluation in rural Haiti

    Menon P, Mbuya M, Habicht J, Pelto G, Loechl C, Ruel M

    Journal of Nutrition (2008)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • The overlap of overweight and anaemia among women in three countries undergoing the nutrition transition

    Eckhardt C, Torheim L, Monterrubio E, Barquera S, Ruel M

    European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2008)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Invited Review: Role of livestock in human nutrition and health for poverty reduction in developing countries

    Randolph T, Schelling E, Grace D, Nicholson C, Leroy J, Peden D et al.

    J Anim Sci (2007)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Maquiladoras and market mamas: Women’s work and childcare in Guatemala City and Accra

    Quisumbing A, R. K, Ruel M

    Journal of Development Studies (2007)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Linkages between agriculture and health in science, policy, and practice.

    Hawkes C, Ruel M, Babu S

    Food and Nutrition Bulletin (2007)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • The links between agriculture and health: An intersectoral opportunity to improve the health and livelihoods of the poor

    Hawkes C, Ruel M

    Bulletin of the World Health Organization (2006)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Why is child malnutrition lower in urban than rural areas? Evidence from 36 developing countries

    Smith L, Ndaiye M

    World Development (2005)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Mother’s work and child care: Findings from the urban slums of Guatemala City

    Hallman K, Quisumbing A, Ruel M, Brière B

    Economic Development and Cultural Change (2005)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • The coexistence of child undernutrition and maternal overweight: Prevalence, hypotheses, and programme and policy implications

    Garrett J, Ruel M

    Maternal and Child Nutrition (2005)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Stunted child-overweight mother pairs: Prevalence and association with economic development and urbanization

    Garrett J, Ruel M

    Food and Nutrition Bulletin (2005)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Smoky indoor cooking fires are associated with elevated hemoglobin concentration in iron-deficient women.

    Neufeld L, Haas J, Ruel M, Grajeda R, Naeher L

    Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública (Pan American Journal of Public Health) (2004)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Moving forward with complementary feeding: Indicators and research priorities

    Ruel M, Brown K, Caulfield L

    Food and Nutrition Bulletin (2003)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Progress in developing indicators to measure complementary feeding practices. In Meeting the challenge to improve complementary feeding, A. D. Moreira

    Ruel M

    SCN News (2003)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Spot-check observations for assessing hygiene practices: Review of experience and implications for programs

    Ruel M, Arimond M

    Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition (2002)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Therapeutic effects of oral zinc in acute and persistant diarrhea in children in developing countries: pooled analysis of randomized controlled trials.

    R. Black, Z. Bhutta, K. Brown, J. Gardner, S. Gore, A. Hidayat, F. Khatun, R. Martorell, N. Ninh, M. Penny, J. Rosado, S. Roy, M. Ruel, S. Sazawal A

    American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2000)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Urbanization in Latin America: Constraints and opportunities for child feeding and care

    Ruel M

    Food and Nutrition Bulletin (2000)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Socio-economic differentials in child stunting are consistently larger in urban than rural areas: Analysis of 10 DHS data sets

    Menon P, Ruel M, Morris S

    Food and Nutrition Bulletin (2000)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Poor maternal schooling is the main constraint to good child care practices in Accra

    Armar-Klemesu M, Ruel M, Maxwell D, Levin C, Morris S

    Journal of Nutrition (2000)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Prevention of diarrhea and acute lower respiratory infection by zinc supplementation in developing country children: Pooled analysis of randomized controlled trials

    Black R, Bhutta Z, Brown K, Gardner J, Gore S, Hidayat A et al.

    Journal of Pediatrics (1999)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Some urban facts of life: Implications for research and policy

    Ruel M, Haddad L, Garrett J

    World Development 27 (11): 1917–1938 (1999)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Overview. (Special issue of World Development on “Urban Challenges to Food and Nutrition Security in the Developing World.”)

    Ruel M, Garrett J

    World Development (1999)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Precision, accuracy and reliability of hemoglobin assessment

    Morris S, Ruel M, Cohen R, Dewey K, Allen L, Bouis H et al.

    American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (1999)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Working women in an urban setting: Traders, vendors, and food security in Accra

    Levin C, Ruel M, Morris S, Maxwell D, Armar-Klemesu M, Ahiadeke C

    World Development (1999)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Are urban poverty and undernutrition growing? Some newly assembled evidence

    Haddad L, Ruel M, Garrett J

    World Development (1999)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Food and nutrition in an urbanizing world

    Garrett J, Ruel M

    Choices (1999)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Plant breeding: a long-term strategy for the control of zinc deficiency in vulnerable populations

    Ruel M, Bouis H

    American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (1998)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Zinc supplementation improves the growth of stunted rural Guatemalan infants

    Rivera J, Ruel M, Santizo M, Brown K, Lönnerdal B

    Journal of Nutrition (1998)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Validation of single daytime samples of human milk to estimate the 24-hour concentration of lipids among urban Guatemalan mothers

    Ruel M, Dewey K, Martinez C, Flores R, Brown K

    American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (1997)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Impact of zinc supplementation on morbidity from diarrhea and respiratory infections among rural Guatemalan children

    Ruel M, Rivera J, Brown K, Lönnerdal B

    Pediatrics (1997)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Smoke exposure of women and young children in highland Guatemala: Prediction and recall accuracy

    Engle P, Hurtado E, Ruel M

    Human Organization (1997)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Vitamin B-12 deficiency in lactating Guatemalan women and their infants

    Casterline J, Allen L, Ruel M

    Journal of Nutrition (1997)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Zinc supplementation affects the activity patterns of rural Guatemalan infants.

    Bentley M, Caulfield L, Ram M, Santizo M, Hurtado E, Rivera J et al.

    Journal of Nutrition (1997)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Screening for nutritional interventions: The risk or the benefit approach?

    Ruel M, Habicht J, Rasmussen K, Martorell R

    American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (1996)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Differential response to early nutrition supplementation: Long-term effects on height at adolescence

    Ruel M, Rivera J, Habicht J, Martorell R

    International Journal of Epidemiology (1995)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Length screens better than weight in stunted populations.

    Ruel M, Rivera J, Habicht J

    Journal of Nutrition (1995)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Nutritional supplementation during the preschool years and body size and composition in Guatemalan adolescents

    Rivera J, Martorell R, Ruel M, Habicht J, Haas J

    Journal of Nutrition (1995)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Secular trends in adult and child anthropometry in four villages of Guatemala

    Ruel M, Rivera J, Castro H, Habicht J, Martorell. R

    Food and Nutrition Bulletin (1992)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • The mediating effect of maternal nutrition knowledge on the association between maternal schooling and child’s nutritional status in Lesotho

    Ruel M, Habicht J, Pinstrup-Andersen P, Gröhn Y

    American Journal of Epidemiology (1992)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Impact of a clinic-based growth monitoring programme on maternal nutrition knowledge in Lesotho

    Ruel M, Habicht J, Olson C

    International Journal of Epidemiology (1992)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • The correct use of growth charts. Letter to the Editor

    Ruel M, Habicht J

    American Journal of Public Health (1992)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Comparison of two growth charts in Lesotho: Health workers’ ability to understand and use them for action

    Ruel M, Pelletier D, Habicht J, Mason J, Chobokoane C, Maruping A

    American Journal of Public Health (1991)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • A comparison of mothers’ understanding of two growth charts in Lesotho

    Ruel M, Pelletier D, Habicht J, Mason J, Chobokoane C, Maruping A

    World Health Organization (1990)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.
  • Aspects cliniques et biochimiques de l'ariboflavinose en Haiti

    Ruel M, Dillon J

    Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism (1983)

    • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Professional experience

Director, Poverty, Health, and Nutrition Division

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

January 2004 - Present

Senior Research Fellow

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

January 2001 - January 2004 (3 years)

Research Fellow

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

January 1996 - January 2001 (5 years)

Director, Health and Nutrition Division

Institute of Nutrition of Central America and Panama/Pan American Health Organization (INCAP/PAHO)

January 1993 - January 1996 (3 years)

Epidemiologist/nutritionist

Institute of Nutrition of Central America and Panama/Pan American Health Organization (INCAP/PAHO)

January 1990 - January 1993 (3 years)

Field Director, Growth monitoring and Nutrition Education Project in Lesotho, Southern Africa

Joint Programme Cornell Nutritional Surveillance Program and UNICEF-Eastern and Southern Africa

January 1985 - January 1987 (2 years)

Field Director, Comparison of two types of powdered milk on the immune response of malnourished Hait

Laval University, Department of Nutrition

January 1979 - January 1980 (1 year)

Education history

Cornell University

Ph.D. International Nutrition (minors: agricultural economics; epidemiology)

September 1986 - May 1990 (3 years 8 months)

Laval University

M.S. Masters in Health Sciences, Nutrition

September 1980 - May 1982 (1 year 8 months)

Laval University

C.E.C. Certificat en Enseignement Collégial (Teaching Certificate)

September 1980 - May 1982 (1 year 8 months)

Laval University

B.S. Bachelor in Health Sciences, Dietetics

September 1972 - May 1976 (3 years 8 months)