Maximo Torero

Division Director of the Markets, Trade and Institutions Division

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Location
Washington, District of Columbia, United States
Discipline
Economics
Interests
IFPRI Director for Latin America, leader of the Global Research Program on Institutions and Infrastructure for Market Development, and co-leader of the Global Research Program on Urban and Rural linkages.
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About

Maximo Torero is the Division Director of the Markets, Trade, and Institutions Division at the International Food Policy Research Institute, leader of the Global Research Program on Institutions and Infrastructure for Market Development and Director for Latin America. He has fifteen years of experience in applied research and in operational activities. In this capacity as director and research program leader, he directs the activities of an IFPRI unit that conducts research, with special emphasis on M&E of infrastructure and rural development interventions in urban and peri-urban areas through the use of randomized experimental design. Prior to that, he was a senior researcher and member of the executive committee at Group of Analysis for Development (GRADE). He received his Ph.D. from the University of California at Los Angeles Department of Economics, is a professor on leave at the Universidad del Pacífico, was postdoctoral fellow at the UCLA Institute for Social Science Research (ISSR), and an Alexander von Humboldt Fellow at University of Bonn, Germany. Dr. Torero’s major research work lies mostly in analyzing poverty, inequality, importance of geography and assets (private or public) in explaining poverty, and in policies oriented towards poverty alleviation based on the role played by infrastructure, institutions, and on how technological breakthroughs (or discontinuities) can improve the welfare of households. He has won twice the World Award for Outstanding Research on Development given by the Global Development Network (GDN).

His experience extends to projects in Latin America, Sub Saharan Africa (East and West), and Asia. Dr. Torero had a unique expertise on impact evaluation on projects linked to water and sanitation, electricity, ICTs, roads, and in social and institutional aspects on the delivery of public services. He is currently working on water and sanitation in Tanzania and El Salvador. He has also country experience in India (Andrah Pradesh and Punjab), Vietnam, Bangladesh, Tanzania, Ethiopia, Uganda, Senegal, Zambia, Mozambique, Peru, Ecuador, and in Central America. In El Salvador he is the chief of party of the impact evaluation of a 600 million US$ investment by MCC in rural infrastructure with a significant component of water and sanitation in rural areas. Dr. Torero has been involved in several projects to evaluate the impact of access to infrastructure and had also design and implement pioneering designs in which an experimental approach is used to investigate the extent to which the cost barriers preventing poorer households from connecting to the different types of infrastructure can be addressed. These studies had led to several policy impacts,
especially on the complementary effects of access to infrastructure. On property rights, Dr. Torero has worked intensively on urban and rural titling and crop choices
as a result of titling projects (see for example the reference to his work in “The Mystery of Capital Deepens.” Economist, August 24, 2006). Finally, on market access,
Dr. Torero has worked on impact evaluation of contract farming arrangements to access to dynamic markets for small commercial farmers, and the creation and sustainability of urban-rural market institutions. His work has also focus substantially on the impact of rural households to phones as an instrument to reduce their asymmetry of information when accessing to markets.

Professional Associations and Advisory Councils:

(a) Member of the American Economic Association (1998-today)
(b) Member of the European Economic Association (1999-today)
(c) Member of the Western Economic Association (1998-2000)
(d) Member of the Econometric Society (1998-today)
(e) Member of the Latin American Econometric Society (1998-today)
(f) Member of the Latin American and Caribbean Economic Association (LACEA, from 1998-today)
(g) Member of the Southern Regional Science Association (1998-today)
(h) Member of the International Association of Agricultural Economics (2006-today)
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Publications

2011 Global Hunger Index:The challenge of hunger: Taming price spikes and excessive food price volatility

von Grebmer K, Torero M, Olofinbiyi T, Fritschel H, Wiesmann D, Yohannes Y et al.

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Urgent actions needed to prevent recurring food crises

Fan S, Torero M, Headey D

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Food Prices: Riding the Rollercoaster

Torero M

2011 Global Food Policy Report (2012)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

The impact of telecommunications privatization in Peru on the welfare of urban consumers

Torero M, Schroth E, Pasco´-Font A

Economia (2003)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

2012 Global Hunger Index: The challenege of hunger: Ensuring sustainable food security under land, water, and energy stresses

von Grebmer K, Ringler C, Rosegrant M, Olofinbiyi T, Wiesmann D, Fritschel H et al.

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Peruvian privatization: impact on firm performance

Torero M

Privatization in Latin America: myths and reality (2005)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Targeting investments to link farmers to markets: A framework for capturing the heterogeneity of smallholder farmers

Torero M

New directions for smallholder agriculture. Part II: The business agenda for smallholders (2013)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Nonparametric estimation of conditional value-at-risk and expected shortfall based on extreme value theory

Martins-Filho C, Yao F, Torero M

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Detecting gender and racial discrimination in hiring through monitoring intermediation services: The case of selected occupations in metropolitan Lima, Peru

Moreno M, Ñopo H, Saavedra J, Torero M

World Development (2012)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Potential collusion and trust: Evidence from a field experiment in Vietnam

Torero M, Viceisza A

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

The impact of public telephones in rural areas: the case of Peru

Galdo V, Torero M

Information and communication technologies for development and poverty reduction: the potential of telecommunications (2006)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Futures commodities prices and media coverage

Almanzar M, Torero M, von Grebmer K

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Randomizing the “Last Mile”

Bernard T, Torero M

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Tipología de micro-regiones de las áreas rurales de Ecuador: Aplicación de fronteras estocásticas de utilidades agrícolas

Maruyama E, Torero M, Elías M

Finanzas Públicas (2009)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Beyond the numbers: How urban households in Central America responded to the recent global crises

Hernandez M, Robles M, Torero M

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Trade policy: Implications for agronomy 2010

Torero M

The international dimension of the American Society of Agronomy: Past and future (2010)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Diferencias en el acceso de las mujeres al microcrédito en el Perú e impacto de la tenencia del título de propiedad

Field E, Torero M

Mercado y gestión del microcrédito en el Perú (2004)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Innovations in insuring the poor: Innovations in insuring the poor

Hill R, Torero M

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Investments to reduce hunger and undernutrition

Hoddinott J, Rosegrant M, Torero M

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Learning from an incomplete electricity privatization process in rural Peru

Alcázar L, Nakasone E, Torero M

Privatization for the public good? Welfare effects of private intervention in Latin America (2008)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Grappling with grain prices

von Braun J, Torero M

OECD Observer (2009)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Public-private research, development, and innovation in Peru

Kuramoto J, Torero M

Fuelling economic growth: The role of public-private sector research in development (2009)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Ethnic and social barriers to cooperation: Experiments studying the extent and nature of discrimination in urban Peru

Castillo M, Petrie R, Torero M

Discrimination in Latin America: An economic perspective (2009)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Fertilizer market situation: Market structure, consumption and trade patterns, and pricing behavior

Hernandez M, Torero M

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Parametric versus nonparametric methods in risk scoring: An application to microcredit

Hernandez M, Torero M

Empirical Economics (2014)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Gender differences in bargaining outcomes: A field experiment on discrimination

Castillo M, Petrie R, Torero M, Vesterlund L

Journal of Public Economics (2013)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Contract farming and smallholder incentives to produce high quality: experimental evidence from the Vietnamese dairy sector

Saenger C, Qaim M, Torero M, Viceisza A

Agricultural Economics (2013)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Market concentration and pricing behavior in the fertilizer industry: A global approach

Hernandez M, Torero M

Agricultural Economics (2013)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Impact of third-party contract enforcement in agricultural markets—A field experiment in Vietnam

Saenger C, Torero M, Qaim M

American Journal of Agricultural Economics (2014)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Lost in the mail: A field experiment on crime

Castillo M, Petrie R, Torero M, Viceisza A

Economic Inquiry (2014)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Detecting Gender and Racial Discrimination in Hiring through Monitoring Intermediation Services: The Case of Selected Occupations in Metropolitan Lima, Peru

Moreno M, Ñopo H, Saavedra J, Torero M

World Development (2011)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Tipología de micro-regiones de las áreas rurales de Ecuador

Maruyama E, Torero M, Elias M

Finanzas Publicas (2009)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Information and Communication Technologies for Development and Poverty Reduction: The potential of communications

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Examining the dynamic relation between spot and futures prices of agricultural commodities

Hernandez M, Torero M

Commodity Market Review 2009-2010 (2010)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Understanding the impact of high food prices in Latin America

Robles M, Torero M

Economía (2010)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Do property titles increase credit access among the urban poor? Evidence from a nationwide titling program

Field E, Torero M

Harvard University Department of … (2006)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Muslim family law, prenuptial agreements, and the emergence of dowry in Bangladesh

Ambrus A, Field E, Torero M

Quarterly Journal of Economics (2010)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

On the preferences of principals and agents

Castillo M, Petrie R, Torero M

Economic Inquiry (2010)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Access to telephone services and household income in poor rural areas using a quasi-natural experiment for Peru

Chong A, Galdo V, Torero M

Economica (2009)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Iodine Deficiency and Schooling Attainment in Tanzania

Field E, Robles O, Torero M

American Economic Journal: Applied Economics (2009)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Economic Growth, the Fiscal Sector and Income Distribution

Torero M, Lopez R

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

A Compensating Variation Approach to the Welfare Impacts of Rural Telephones in Peru and Bangladesh

Torero M, Shyamal Chowdhury, Virgilio Galdo

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Lost in the Mail: A Field Experiment on Crime

Castillo M, Ragan Petrie, Torero M, Viceisza A

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Beautiful or White? Experiments on the Extent and Nature of Discrimination in Urban Peru

Castillo M, Ragan Petrie, Torero M

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

The impact of the Central America free trade agreement on agriculture and the rural sector in five Central American countries: Executive summary

Jansen H, Morley S, Torero M

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Information and Communication Technologies to link the Poor to Markets

Torero M, von Braun J

Commonwealth Finance Ministers Reference Report (2007)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Impacto del Tratado de Libre Comercio de Centroamérica en la Agricultura y el Sector Rural en Cinco Países Centroamericanos

Jansen H, Morley S, Torero M

Proceedings of a workshop held by the International Food Policy Research Institute, CEPAL and RUTA, October 2007, in Costa Rica (2007)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Connecting Small holders to Markets: Role of Infrastructure and Institutions

Torero M, Ashok Gulati

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Increasing access to infrastructure for Africa's rural poor

Torero M, Shyamal Chowdhury

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Information and Communication Technologies for the Poor

Torero M, Joachim von Braun

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

The What, Who, and How of Proposed Policy Actions

Braun J, Ahmed A, Kwadwo Asenso-Okyere, Shenggen Fan, Ashok Gulati, John Hoddinott et al.

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Physical and Virtual Global Food Reserves to Protect the Poor and Prevent Market Failure

Braun J, Torero M

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

When Speculation Matters

Robles M, Joachim von Braun, Torero M

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Implementing the Physical and Virtual Food Reserves to Protect the Poor and Prevent Market Failure

Braun J, Torero M

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Grappling with grain prices A three-pronged grain reserve system could protect poor countries from volatile food prices and shocks, and help respond to food emergencies

Braun J, Torero M

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Agricultural Markets and the Rural Poor

Orden D, Torero M, Gulati A

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Ethnicity and Earnings in Urban Peru

Nopo H, Jaime Saavedra, Torero M

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Adverse Geography and Differences in Welfare in Peru

Escobal J, Torero M

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Gender and Racial Discrimination in Hiring: A Pseudo Audit Study for Three Selected Occupations in Metropolitan Lima

Moreno M, Ñopo H, Saavedra J, Torero M

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Market Institutions: Enhancing the Value of Urban-Rural Links

Chowdhury S, Negassa A, Torero M

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Do Property Titles Increase Credit Access Among the Urban Poor? Evidence from a Nationwide Titling Program

Torero M, Erica Field

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Access to Dynamic Markets for Small Commercial Farmers: The Case of Potato Production in the Peruvian Andes

Escobal J, Torero M

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Property Rights and crop choice in Rural Peru, 1994- 2004

Field A, Erica Field, Torero M

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Provision of Public Services and Welfare of the Poor: Learning from an Incomplete Electricity Privatization Process in Rural Peru

Torero M, Alcazar L, E. Nakasone

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Social Barriers to Cooperation: Experiments on the Extent and Nature of Discrimination in Peru

Castillo M, Petrie R, Torero M

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

The impact of the Central America free trade agreement on the Central American textile maquila industry

Torero M, Jansen H, S. Morley, G. Kessler, V. Piñeiro, M. Sánchez

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

The Private, Public and Organizational Assets of the Poor in Perú

Escobal J, Jaime Saavedra, Torero M

Trimestre Económico (2000)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Labor Mobility from Academe to Commerce

Zucker L, Michael Darby, Torero M

Journal of Labor Economics (2002)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Willingness to Pay for the Rural Telephone Service in Bangladesh and Peru

Torero M, Virgilio Galdo, Shyamal Chowdhury

Information Economics and Policy (2003)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

An Invisible Wall? The Economics of Social Exclusion in Peru

Torero M, Jaime Saavedra, Hugo Nopo, Javier Escobal

Social Inclusion and Economic Development in Latin America (2004)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Labor Market Reforms and their Impacts over Formal Labor Demand and Job Market Turnover: The Case of Peru

Saavedra J, Torero M

Law and Employment: Lessons from Latin America and the Caribbean (2004)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

The Impact of Telecommunications Privatization in Peru on the Welfare of Urban Consumers

Torero M, Enrique Schroth, Alberto Pasco Font

Economía (2004)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Telecommunications and Economic Growth: Implications for India

Torero M, Chowdhury S, Bedi A

ICTs and Indian Economic Development (2005)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Peruvian Privatization: Impacts of Firms Performance

Torero M

Privatization in Latin America Myths and Reality (2005)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Telephone Consumers after the Privatization of Telecommunications in Peru

Torero M, Enrique Schoth, Alberto Pasco-Font

"Reality Check: Assessing the Distributional Impact of Privatization (2005)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Adverse geography and differences in welfare in Perú

Escobal J, Torero M

Spatial inequality and development (2005)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Telecommunications infrastructure and economic growth: a cross-country analysis

Torero M, Chowdhury S, Bedi A

Information and Communications Technology for Development and Poverty Reduction (2006)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Telecommunications Privatization: The Case of Peru

Torero M

Information and Communications Technology for Development and Poverty Reduction (2006)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Comments to “Stratification and public utility services in Colombia: Subsidies to households or distortion of housing prices.

Torero M

Economia (2007)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Ethnicity and Earnings in a Mixed Race Labor Market

Ñopo H, Saavedra J, Torero M

Economic Development and Cultural Change (2007)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

A perfect Storm or an Opportunity for Latina America: High world commodity prices

Torero M, Miguel Robles

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Exploring the Price Spike

von Braun J, Torero M

Choices (2009)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Determinants of Embodied technology Transfer from Stars to Firms: Japan

Zucker L, Michael Darby, Torero M

Knowledge Transfer in Biotechnology in Japan: Comparative Institutional Context and Commercial Success (1999)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Liberalización de la Balanza de Pagos. Efectos sobre el Crecimiento, el Empleo y la Desigualdad y Pobreza

Diaz J, Jaime Saavedra, Torero M

Liberalización, Desigualdad y Pobreza: América Latina y el Caribe en los 90 (2001)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Distribution, Access and Complementarity: Capital of the Poor in Peru

Torero M, Javier Escobal, Jaime Saavedra

Portrait of the Poor: an assets-based approach (2001)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Diferencias en el acceso de las mujeres al microcrédito en el Perú e impacto de la tenencia del título de propiedad

Torero M, Erica Field

Mercado y gestión del microcrédito en el Perú (2004)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Union Density Changes and Union Effects on Firm Performance in Peru

Saavedra J, Torero M

What Difference Do Unions Make? Their Impact on Productivity and Wages in Latin America (2005)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Learning from an Incomplete Electricity Privatization Process in Rural Peru

Alcazar L, Eduardo Nakasone, Torero M

Privatization for the Public Good? The Social Effects of Privatizations in Latin America (2007)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Exclusión, identidad étnica y políticas de inclusión social en el Perú: el caso de la población indígena y la población afrodescendiente

Valdivia N, M. Benavides, Torero M

Investigación, Políticas y Desarrollo en el Perú (2007)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Abriendo la Caja Negra de las Privatizaciones

Torero M, J. Deustua and M. Hernandez

Investigación, Políticas y Desarrollo en el Perú (2007)

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Science and technology Indicators for Latin America

Torero M, Patricia Arregui

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Estrategias y Racionalidad de la Pequeña Empresa

Robles M, Saavedra J, Torero M, Valdivia N, Chacaltana J

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Mercado y Gestion de Microcrédito en el Perú

Trivelli C, Portocarrero F, Byrne G, Torero M

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Investigación, Políticas y Desarrollo en el Perú

Torero M, with P. Arregui E, Alcázar M, S. Cueto M

  • -- Readers Readers not available. This publication is not currently accessible in the Mendeley catalog.

Professional experience

Division Director of the Markets, Trade and Institutions Division

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

January 2006 - Present

Associate Professor (Currently on leave)

Universidad del Pacífico, Economics Department, Postgraduate School

January 1999 - Present

Member of the Board of Directors, Director of the Executive Management Committee

Group of Analysis for Development (GRADE)

January 1997 - Present

Senior Research Fellow if the Markets, Trade and Institutions Division

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

January 2005 - January 2006 (1 year)

Research Fellow in the Markets, Trade and Institutions Division

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

January 2003 - January 2005 (2 years)

Senior Researcher

Georg Foster von Humboldt Fellow

January 2001 - January 2003 (2 years)

Associate Researcher

Institute for Social Science and Research, University of California at Los Angeles

January 1994 - January 2003 (9 years)

Associate Researcher

Center for Development Research (ZEF)-University of Bonn (Invited Fellow)

January 1998 - January 2000 (2 years)

Teaching Assistant

Department of Economics, UCLA

January 1994 - January 1997 (3 years)

Lecturer

Department of Economics, Universidad del Pacifico, Peru

January 1990 - January 1992 (2 years)

Education history

University of California at Los Angeles, Institute of Social Science Research

Post Doctorate

August 1998 - September 1999 (1 year 1 month)

University of California at Los Angeles

Ph.D. in Economics

September 1996 - September 1998 (2 years)

University of California at Los Angeles

M.A. in Economics

September 1991 - September 1993 (2 years)