1,3-Dialkyl-8-(hetero)aryl-9-OH-9-deazaxanthines as potent A2B adenosine receptor antagonists: Design, synthesis, structure-affinity and structure-selectivity relationships

  • Stefanachi A
  • Nicolotti O
  • Leonetti F
 et al. 
  • 22

    Readers

    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 23

    Citations

    Citations of this article.

Abstract

A number of 1,3-dialkyl-8-(hetero)aryl-9-OH-9-deazaxanthines were prepared and evaluated as ligands of recombinant human adenosine receptors (hARs). Several 1,3-dipropyl derivatives endowed with nanomolar binding affinity at hA2B receptors, but poor selectivity over hA2A, hA1 and hA3 AR subtypes were identified. A comparison with the corresponding 7-OH- and 7,9-unsubstituted-deazaxanthines revealed that 9-OH-9-deazaxanthines are more potent hA2B ligands with lower partition coefficients and higher water solubility compared to the other two congeneric classes of deazaxanthines. An optimization of the para-substituent of the 8-phenyl ring of 9-OH-9-deazaxanthines led to the discovery of compound 38, which exhibited outstanding hA2B affinity (Ki = 1.0 nM), good selectivity over hA2A, hA1 and hA3 (selectivity indices = 100, 79 and 1290, respectively) and excellent antagonist potency in a functional assay on rat A2B (pA2B = 9.33). ?? 2008.

Author-supplied keywords

  • 1,3-Dialkyl-8-(hetero)aryl-9-OH-9-deazaxanthines
  • Adenosine receptor antagonists
  • Structure-affinity relationships
  • Structure-selectivity relationships
  • X-ray crystallography

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document

Authors

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free