1,3-Dialkyl-8-(hetero)aryl-9-OH-9-deazaxanthines as potent A2B adenosine receptor antagonists: Design, synthesis, structure-affinity and structure-selectivity relationships

  • Stefanachi A
  • Nicolotti O
  • Leonetti F
 et al. 
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A number of 1,3-dialkyl-8-(hetero)aryl-9-OH-9-deazaxanthines were prepared and evaluated as ligands of recombinant human adenosine receptors (hARs). Several 1,3-dipropyl derivatives endowed with nanomolar binding affinity at hA2B receptors, but poor selectivity over hA2A, hA1 and hA3 AR subtypes were identified. A comparison with the corresponding 7-OH- and 7,9-unsubstituted-deazaxanthines revealed that 9-OH-9-deazaxanthines are more potent hA2B ligands with lower partition coefficients and higher water solubility compared to the other two congeneric classes of deazaxanthines. An optimization of the para-substituent of the 8-phenyl ring of 9-OH-9-deazaxanthines led to the discovery of compound 38, which exhibited outstanding hA2B affinity (Ki = 1.0 nM), good selectivity over hA2A, hA1 and hA3 (selectivity indices = 100, 79 and 1290, respectively) and excellent antagonist potency in a functional assay on rat A2B (pA2B = 9.33). ?? 2008.

Author-supplied keywords

  • 1,3-Dialkyl-8-(hetero)aryl-9-OH-9-deazaxanthines
  • Adenosine receptor antagonists
  • Structure-affinity relationships
  • Structure-selectivity relationships
  • X-ray crystallography

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