Journal article

2-Amino-6-methoxypurine Arabinoside: An Agent for T-Cell Malignancies

Lambe C, Averett D, Paff M, Reardon J, Wilson J, Krenitsky T ...see all

Cancer Research, vol. 55, issue 15 (1995) pp. 3352-3356

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Abstract

Earlier studies have shown guanine arabinoside (ara-G) is an effective agent against growth of T-cell lines and freshly isolated human T-leukemic cells. However, poor water solubility of ara-G limits clinical use. 2-Amino-6-methoxypurine arabinoside (506U) is a water-soluble prodrug converted to ara-G by adenosine deaminase. 506U is not a substrate for deoxycytidine kinase, adenosine kinase, or purine nucleoside phosphorylase and is phosphorylated by mitochondrial deoxyguanosine kinase at a rate 4% that of ara-G phosphorylation. Mitochondrial DNA polymerase was the least sensitive to ara-GTP inhibition of the five human DNA polymerases tested. [3H]506U was anabolized to ara-G 5'-phosphates in CEM cells but not to phosphorylated metabolites of 506U. 506U was selective for transformed T over B cells and also inhibited growth in two of three monocytic lines tested. 506U given i.v. to cynomolgus monkeys was rapidly converted to ara-G; the ara-G had a half-life of approximately 2 h. 506U had in vivo dose-dependent efficacy against human T-cell tumors in immunodeficient mice. A Phase 1 trial of 506U against refractory hematological malignancies is now in progress at two study sites.

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  • SGR: 0029127419
  • ISSN: 15387445
  • SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-0029127419
  • PMID: 7614470
  • PUI: 401801094

Authors

  • Catherine U. Lambe

  • Devron R. Averett

  • Melanie T. Paff

  • John E. Reardon

  • Joan G. Wilson

  • Thomas A. Krenitsky

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