Papers

  1. We characterized gut microbial communities in the emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire, an invasive phloem-feeding and wood-boring beetle that has caused extensive mortality to urban and forest ash trees. Analyses included both 16S rRNA…
  2. Lameness is a severe welfare problem and a produc-tion-limiting disease in dairy farming. The objectives of this study were to determine prevalence of lameness and investigate cow-and herd-level factors associated with lameness in dairy cows housed…
  3. OBJECTIVES: To describe the development of a facial expression tool differentiating pain-free cats from those in acute pain. METHODS: Observers shown facial images from painful and pain-free cats were asked to identify if they were in pain or not.…
  4. Viral population dynamics of very virulent infectious bursal disease virus (vvIBDV) field strains isolated in the Iberian Peninsula since the first outbreak in the 1990s have been analysed. Low levels of genetic variability and a global purification…
  5. This paper presents the results of an investigation into the use of machine learning methods for the identification of narcotics from Raman spectra. The classification of spectral data and other high-dimensional data, such as images, gene-expression…
  6. Inhibition of the TOR signalling pathway by genetic or pharmacological intervention extends lifespan in invertebrates, including yeast, nematodes and fruitflies; however, whether inhibition of mTOR signalling can extend lifespan in a mammalian…
  7. Flavonoids are a group of naturally occurring phytochemicals abundantly present in fruits, vegetables, and beverages such as wine and tea. In the past two decades, flavonoids have gained enormous interest because of their beneficial health effects…
  8. Metformin is a drug commonly prescribed to treat patients with type 2 diabetes. Here we show that long-term treatment with metformin (0.1% w/w in diet) starting at middle age extends healthspan and lifespan in male mice, while a higher dose (1% w/w)…
  9. A new approach, identified as progressive genetic algorithm (PGA), is proposed for the solutions of optimization problems with nonlinear equality and inequality constraints. Based on genetic algorithms (GAs) and iteration method, PGA divides the…
  10. Caloric restriction and autophagy-inducing pharmacological agents can prolong lifespan in model organisms including mice, flies, and nematodes. In this study, we show that transgenic expression of Sirtuin-1 induces autophagy in human cells in vitro…
  11. In today’s world, an optimal and intelligent problem solving approaches are required in every field, regardless of simple or complex problems. Researches and developers are trying to make machines and software's more efficient and intelligent. This…
  12. A simple electrochemical method for estimating the antioxidant activity (AA) of flavonoids has been developed. The proposed method is based on a measurement of the half-wave potential (E1/2) of the first oxidation wave of flavonoids by using…