AAIR Versus DDDR Pacing in the Bradycardia Tachycardia Syndrome: A Prospective, Randomized, Double-blind, Crossover Trial

  • Schwaab B
  • Kindermann M
  • Schätzer-Klotz D
 et al. 
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Abstract

In 19 patients paced and medicated for bradycardia tachycardia syndrome (BTS), AAIR and DDDR pacing were compared with regard to quality of life (QoL), atrial tachyarrhythmia (AFib), exercise tolerance, and left ventricular (LV) function. Patients had a PQ interval < 240 ms during sinus rhythm, no second or third degree AV block, no bundle branch block, or bifascicular block. In DDDR mode, AV delay was optimized using the aortic time velocity integral. After 3 months, QoL was assessed by questionnaires, patients were investigated by 24-hour Holter, cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) was performed, and LV function was determined by echocardiography. QoL was similar in all dimensions, except dizziness, showing a significantly lower prevalence in AAIR mode. The incidence of AFib was 12 episodes in 2 patients with AAIR versus 22 episodes in 7 patients with DDDR pacing (P = 0.072]. In AAIR mode, 164 events of second and third degree AV block were detected in 7 patients (37%) with pauses between 1 and 4 seconds. During CPX, exercise duration and work load were higher in AAIR than in DDDR mode (423 ± 127 vs 402 ± 102 s and 103 ± 31 vs 96 ± 27 Watt, P < 0.05). Oxygen consumption (VO2), was similar in both modes. During echocardiography, only deceleration of early diastolic flow velocity and early diastolic closure rate of the anterior mitral valve leaflet were higher in DDD than in AAI pacing (5.16 ± 1.35 vs 3.56 ± 0.95 m/s² and 69.2 ± 23 vs 54.1 ± 26 mm/s, P < 0.05). As preferred pacing mode, 11 patients chose DDDR, 8 patients chose AAIR. Hence, AAIR and DDDR pacing seem to be equally effective in RTS patients. In view of a considerable rate of high degree AV block during AAIR pacing, DDDR mode should be preferred for safety reasons. ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR

Author-supplied keywords

  • *ARRHYTHMIA treatment
  • *BRADYCARDIA
  • *CARDIAC pacing
  • *ELECTRIC stimulation
  • *ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY
  • *TACHYCARDIA
  • AAIR pacing
  • DDDR pacing
  • atrial fibrillation
  • bradycardia tachycardia syndrome
  • exercise tolerance
  • quality-of-life

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Authors

  • Bernhard Schwaab

  • Michael Kindermann

  • Dorothea Schätzer-Klotz

  • Monika Berg

  • Hendrik Franow

  • Gerd Fröhlig

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