Archives of biochemistry and biophysics, vol. 364, issue 2 (1999) pp. 185-94
At the normal pH of the cytosol (7.0 to 7.1) and in the presence of physiological (1.0 mM) levels of free Mg2+, the Vmax of the NADPH oxidation is only slightly lower than the Vmax of NADH oxidation in the cytosolic glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (E.C. 220.127.116.11) reaction. Under these conditions physiological (30 microM) levels of cytosolic malate dehydrogenase (E.C. 18.104.22.168) inhibited oxidation of 20 microM NADH but had no effect on oxidation of 20 microM NADPH by glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. Consequently malate dehydrogenase increased the ratio of NADPH to NADH oxidation of glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. On the basis of the measured KD of complexes between malate dehydrogenase and these reduced pyridine nucleotides, and their Km in the glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase reactions, it could be concluded that malate dehydrogenase would have markedly inhibited NADPH oxidation and inhibited NADH oxidation considerably more than observed if its only effect were to decrease the level of free NADH or NADPH. This indicates that due to the opposite chiral specificity of the two enzymes with respect to reduced pyridine nucleotides, complexes between malate dehydrogenase and NADH or NADPH can function as substrates for glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, but the complex with NADH is less active than free NADH, while the complex with NADPH is as active as free NADPH. Mg2+ enhanced the interactions between malate dehydrogenase and glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase described above. Lactate dehydrogenase (E.C. 22.214.171.124) had effects similar to those of malate dehydrogenase only in the presence of Mg2+. In the absence of Mg2+, there was no evidence of interaction between lactate dehydrogenase and glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase.
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