Preliminary findings from an ecological study of large fossorial spiders, especially mygalomorphs, made in two locations in eastern New South Wales are given. The abundance of burrowing spiders was assessed in eight habitats: dry sclerophyll forests on sandstone and shale substrata, wet sclerophyll forests on sandstone, pastures, suburban gardens, pine windbreaks along roadside verges, coastal cliffs, and coastal swamps. The spiders included several species of Lycosidae, two Idiopidae and one Hexathelidae. Each species was restricted in its range of habitats and dominated the burrowing spider assemblage in only one or two habitats. The population structure of burrow sizes is described and compared for dense populations.
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