The accuracy of self-reported hearing loss in women aged 60-85 years

  • Clark K
  • Sowers M
  • Wallace R
 et al. 
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Abstract

The accuracy of self-report in identifying individuals with hearing impairment was evaluated in 1988 in 267 women from rural Iowa. Using pure-tone threshold audiometry as the standard, self-reported hearing loss was a sensitive and specific indicator of measured losses of 40 decibel hearing level for pure-tone averages of either 1,000 and 2,000 Hz or 1,000, 2,000, 3,000 and 4,000 Hz (sensitivities, 90% and 84%; specificities, 71% and 75%, respectively). Predictive values positive were low (28% and 42%) in this population where hearing loss prevalence was 11-18%, but would be increased to acceptable levels in populations with a prevalence of approximately 30%.

Author-supplied keywords

  • *Self Disclosure
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Audiometry, Pure-Tone
  • Female
  • Hearing Loss, Sensorineural/diagnosis/*epidemiolog
  • Humans
  • Iowa
  • Middle Aged
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Rural Population

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Authors

  • K Clark

  • M Sowers

  • R B Wallace

  • C Anderson

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