Achievement of hearing preservation in the presence of an electrode covering the residual hearing region

  • Usami S
  • Moteki H
  • Suzuki N
 et al. 
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Abstract

Conclusions: With full insertion with a long electrode, hearing preservation can be achieved even in the presence of a long electrode covering the residual hearing region. Objectives: Advances in developing new atraumatic concepts of electrode design as well as surgical technique have enabled hearing preservation after cochlear implantation surgery, and EAS (electric acoustic stimulation) accompanied with hearing preservation is a new trend for patients with residual hearing at the lower frequencies. However, full insertion with a long/medium electrode and hearing preservation is still a challenging field that calls for discussion. Method: In this study, round window insertion, an atraumatic electrode, and dexamethasone administration were used and atraumaticity (hearing preservation and conservation of vestibular function) was evaluated with full insertion of the electrode. Results: Postoperative evaluation after full insertion of the electrodes showed that hearing at low frequencies was well preserved in all five cases. Combined postoperative imaging with the referential tonotopic map confirmed achievement of full insertion and indicated the corresponding frequencies and the depth of the electrode. Achievement of atraumaticity of round window insertion in the present cases was confirmed from the viewpoint of the minimal drilling time as well as the preserved vestibular function.

Author-supplied keywords

  • EAS
  • atraumaticity
  • cochlear implantation
  • deep insertion
  • electric acoustic stimulation
  • high frequency hearing loss

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Authors

  • Shin Ichi Usami

  • Hideaki Moteki

  • Nobuyoshi Suzuki

  • Hisakuni Fukuoka

  • Maiko Miyagawa

  • Shin Ya Nishio

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