ACOG Committee Opinion No. 389, December 2007. Human immunodeficiency virus

  • American College of O
  • Gynecology
  • 1

    Readers

    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • N/A

    Citations

    Citations of this article.

Abstract

Because human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection often is detected through prenatal and sexually transmitted disease testing, an obstetrician-gynecologist may be the first health professional to provide care for a woman infected with HIV. Universal testing with patient notification and right of refusal ("opt-out" testing) is recommended by most national organizations and federal agencies . Although opt-out and opt-in testing (but not mandatory testing) are both ethically acceptable, the former approach may identify more women who are eligible for therapy and may have public health advantages . It is unethical for an obstetrician-gynecologist to refuse to continue providing health care for a patient solely because she is , or is thought to be, seropositive for HIV. Health care professionals who are infected with HIV should adhere to the fundamental professional obligation to avoid harm to patients. Physicians who believe that they have been at significant risk of being infected should be tested voluntarily for HIV.

Author-supplied keywords

  • *Hiv
  • Contact Tracing
  • Female
  • Gynecology/ethics/standards
  • HIV Infections/complications/*diagnosis
  • Humans
  • Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Profes
  • Infectious Disease Transmission, Professional-to-P
  • Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical/*prevent
  • Obstetrics/ethics/standards
  • Patient Rights
  • Pregnancy
  • Prenatal Diagnosis
  • Reproductive Techniques, Assisted

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Authors

  • Obstetrics American College of

  • Gynecology

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free