The use of activity-based modeling to analyze the effect of land-use policies on travel behavior

  • Shiftan Y
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This paper suggests that in order to analyze the effect of land-use
policies on travel behavior an integrated framework that extend travel
activity-based models to include various land-use issues such as
residential location and work place should be developed and use.
The importance of analyzing various land-use policies on travel behavior
is continuously increasing as various policies such as transit-oriented
developments, mixed land-use, different concentrations schemes, and
more broadly Smart Growth, are often suggested as a means to mitigate
transportation problems. Given our limited understanding of the effects
of the various land-use polices on travel behavior it is imported
to develop better approaches to analyze such policies. Activity-based
models, that treat travel as a derivation of the demand for personal
activities, provides an opportunity to better understand travel behavior
as the explicit modeling of activities and the consequent tours and
trips enable a more credible analysis of responses to policies and
their effect on traffic and air quality. The theoretical framework
of activity-based models starts with urban and land-use development
as inputs; however, there is a need to translate this framework to
analyze specific land-use policies. This paper discusses the advantages
and potential of activity-based models for analyzing the effect of
land-use policies on travel behavior. It suggests improvements that
will extend the general framework to achieve a better understanding
of travelers’ responses to various land-use policies and shows
its advantages over tip-based models, which simply do not have such
capabilities. The improved activity-based approach is illustrated
through a case study based on the Portland activity-based model combined
with a stated-preference residential choice model. A package of land-use
policies— including improved land-use, school quality, safety,
and transit service in the city center—is introduced, and its
effect on household redistribution and regional travel is tested
using this integrated framework. The results of this case study show
that the effects of the land-use policies introduced had only marginal
effects on regional travel.

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