The large amount of available information on the Web makes it hard for users to locate resources about particular topics of interest. Traditional search tools, e.g., search engines, do not always successfully cope with this problem, that is, helping users to seek the right information. In the personalized search domain, focused crawlers are receiving increasing attention, as a well-founded alternative to search theWeb. Unlike a standard crawler, which traverses theWeb downloading all the documents it comes across, a focused crawler is developed to retrieve documents related to a given topic of interest, reducing the network and computational resources. This chapter presents an overview of the focused crawling domain and, in particular, of the approaches that include a sort of adaptivity. That feature makes it possible to change the system behavior according to the particular environment and its relationships with the given input parameters during the search.
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