Author SummaryMetabolomics is an experimental approach that analyzes differences in metabolite levels detected in experimental samples. It has been used in the literature to understand the changes in metabolism with respect to diseases or drugs. Unlike transcriptomics or proteomics, which analyze gene and protein expression levels respectively, the techniques that consider co-regulation of multiple metabolites are quite limited. In this paper, we propose a novel technique, called ADEMA, which computes the expected level changes for each metabolite with respect to a given condition. ADEMA considers multiple metabolites at the same time and is mutual information (MI)-based. We show that ADEMA predicts metabolite level changes for young mice with Cystic Fibrosis (CF) better than significance testing that considers one metabolite at a time. Using three different datasets that contain CF and wild-type (WT) mice, we show that ADEMA can classify an individual as being CF or WT based on the metabolic profiles (with 1.0, 0.84, and 0.9 accuracy, respectively). Compared to other well-known classification algorithms, ADEMA's accuracy is higher by up to 31%.
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