Adenosine-dopamine interactions revealed in knockout mice

  • Salmi P
  • Chergui K
  • Fredholm B
  • 15


    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 25


    Citations of this article.


Neurochemical and pharmacological evidence obtained over the past 30 yr has indicated that adenosine and dopamine interact functionally in the basal ganglia and that such interactions have pathophysiological and therapeutic implications. The receptors implicated are adenosine A1 and A2A, and dopamine D1 and D2. There is evidence that dopamine D2 receptor activation in vivo antagonizes tonic activation of adenosine A2A receptors. Thus, acute blockade of dopamine D2 receptors, or disruption of dopamine transmission, unmasks strong adenosine A2A activation. Effects of dopamine D2 blockade are different after adenosine A2A blockade or in A2A knockout mice. Possibly as an adaptation to this increase in adenosine A2A signaling, there is a decreased coupling of A2A receptors to biological effects in dopamine D2 knockout mice. Compared to wild-type mice, adenosine A2A knockout mice show decreased neurodegeneration after treatment with 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) and show improved motor performance in models of Parkinson's disease Adenosine A1 receptors are not specifically located with any dopamine receptor, as is the A2A receptor with D2 receptors. Many A1 receptors are located presynaptically, where they regulate transmitter release. In A1 knockout mice, glutamatergic and dopaminergic transmission is therefore modified.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Adenosine
  • Caffeine
  • Dopamine
  • Knockout
  • Mouse

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free