Adolescent substance abuse: A review of the past 10 years

  • Weinberg N
  • Rahdert E
  • Colliver J
 et al. 
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Abstract

Reviews and synthesizes the scientific literature on adolescent substance abuse since publication of G. W. Bailey's (1989) review on substance abuse in youth. The present review covers natural history, epidemiology, etiology, comorbidity, assessment, treatment, and prevention, and highlights areas for future research. Studies of adolescent substance abuse were reviewed with the focus on substance abuse and dependence rather than substance use. Results show that there has been a sharp recent resurgence in adolescent drug use. Biological factors, including genetic and temperament characteristics, as well as family environment factors, are emerging as important etiological variables. Comorbidity with other psychiatric disorders, particularly with conduct disorder, is frequent and complicates treatment. New assessment instruments are available for clinical and research use. Among treatment modalities, family-based interventions have received the most study. It is suggested that further research is needed, particularly on the significance of comorbid conditions and on individualized and effective treatment approaches. ((c) 1999 APA/PsycINFO, all rights reserved)

Author-supplied keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Comorbidity
  • Drug abuse
  • Epidemiology
  • Substance abuse
  • Therapy

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Authors

  • Naimah Z. Weinberg

  • Elizabeth Rahdert

  • James D. Colliver

  • Meyer D. Glantz

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