Age Estimation from the Rib by Phase Analysis: White Males

  • Yaşar İşcan M
  • Loth S
  • Wright R
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The determination of age at death is an important part of physical and forensic an-thropology. Techniques now in use vary from direct observation of a bone to microscopic examina-tion of a given segment. This study introduces the sternal end of the rib as a new site for age estima-tion by direct observation. The sample consisted of 118 white male ribs of verified age, sex, and race. The ribs were assigned to one of nine phases (0 through 8) based on changes noted at the cos-tochondral junction. These included the formation of a pit, its depth and shape, configuration of the walls and rim surrounding it, and the overall texture and quality of the bone. Statistical analy-sis indicated that these changes were age related. It was further revealed that metamorphosis was most rapid and uniform from the mean age of 17 to 28 years (Phases 1 through 4). The rib mor-phology was more varied after age 39 (Phase 5) resulting in a wider range for the predicted age. Our study concluded that the sternal rib end may yield a similar degree of accuracy to the pubic symphysis and perhaps better than that for cranial sutural closure. Our technique also enables the forensic scientist to use the rib for corroboration with age estimations obtained by traditional methods.

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  • M. Yaşar İşcan

  • Susan R. Loth

  • Ronald K. Wright

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