Aging and lineup performance at long retention intervals: Effects of metamemory and context reinstatement

  • Searcy J
  • Bartlett J
  • Swanson K
 et al. 
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Abstract

Young (18-30 years) and older (62-79 years) adults (N = 96) engaged in a 20-min live interaction with the future target in a lineup task. One month later, participants were interviewed about the events in the prior encounter (with or without context reinstatement), and then they saw a target-present (TP) or target-absent (TA) lineup. The lineup was followed by the Benton Face Recognition Test ( A. Benton, A. Sivan, K. Hamsher, N. Varney, & O. Spreen, 1994), which correlated positively with accuracy in TP, especially for young adults. False identification in TA was associated with (a) higher scores on a memory self-efficacy scale and (b) higher recall of information about the initial event, although only for seniors. Results suggested that age-related increases in false identification generalize to ecologically valid conditions and that seniors' performance on lineups is negatively related to verbal recall as well as to self-reports of satisfactory experiences with memory in life., (C) 2001 by the American Psychological Association

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Authors

  • Jean H. Searcy

  • James C. Bartlett

  • Kristin Swanson

  • Amina Memon

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