Amazonia 1492: Pristine forest or cultural parkland?

  • Heckenberger M
  • Kuikuro A
  • Kuikuro U
 et al. 
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Abstract

Archaeology and indigenous history of Native Amazonian peoples in the Upper Xingu region of Brazil reveal unexpectedly complex regional settlement pat- terns and large-scale transformations of local landscapes over the past mil- lennium. Mapping and excavation of archaeological structures document pro- nounced human-induced alteration of the forest cover, particularly in relation to large, dense late-prehistoric settlements (circa 1200 to 1600 A.D.). The findings contribute to debates on human carrying capacity, population size and settlement patterns, anthropogenic impacts on the environment, and the im- portance of indigenous knowledge, as well as contributing to the pride of place of the native peoples in this part of the Amazon. Was

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Authors

  • Michael J. Heckenberger

  • Afukaka Kuikuro

  • Urissapá Tabata Kuikuro

  • J. Christian Russell

  • Morgan Schmidt

  • Carlos Fausto

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