Amino and fatty acid dynamics of Lysmata seticaudata (Decapoda: Hippolytidae) embryos during early and late reproductive season

  • Calado R
  • Rosa R
  • Nunes M
 et al. 
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Abstract

The present study investigates amino and fatty acid dynamics of embryos of different-sized simultaneous hermaphrodite shrimp (SH) (Lysmata seticaudata) during early (ERS) and late reproductive seasons (LRS). A significant relative decrease in total amino acids and essential amino acids (EAA) was recorded (P < 0.05) during the development of embryos produced by shrimp collected during ERS and LRS. The content of non-essential amino acids (NEAA) showed a smaller variation, without a marked decrease. During the last embryonic stage, the major EAAs of embryos were, in decreasing magnitude, lysine and arginine, while the major NEAAs were glutamic acid and valine. A substantial decrease in lipid content (P < 0.05) was observed, and the quantitatively more important fatty acids were the saturates 16:0 and 18:0, the monounsaturates 18:1n-9 and 18:1n-7 and the polyunsaturates 20:4n-6 (arachidonic acid, ARA), 20:5n-3 (eicosapentaenoic acid, EPA) and 22:6n-3 (docosahexaenoic acid, DHA). Monounsaturates were used at a higher rate, and embryos produced by SH shrimp displayed similar consumption rates of saturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids. Considering individual fatty acids, no clear utilization pattern between different-sized SH shrimp in ERS and LRS was recorded. The inexistence of consistent differences between amino and fatty acid utilization during embryogenesis among different-sized SH shrimp in ERS and LRS emphasizes the variability affecting offspring in decapod crustaceans.

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