Analysis of the carbonization and formation of coal tar pitch mesophase under dynamic conditions

  • Mianowski A
  • Blazewicz S
  • Robak Z
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Abstract

Thermokinetic analysis of three pitch samples was carried out: coal tar pitch obtained from light coke oven tar (P), mesophase pitch after 10.5 h (MP1), and mesophase pitch after 12 h (MP2) thermopreparation at 410°C. The process was realized in a continuous system with a 10 kg mass being charged to the reactor. It was demonstrated using Kissinger's law that the temperature criterion, the first-order thermokinetics and the calculated Arrhenius law parameters fulfill the isokinetic effect when the classical routes of thermokinetic analysis of the samples prepared under dynamic conditions (at three heating rates) are used, which makes the qualitative interpretation of differences between these samples difficult. An alternative solution was proposed using the relative rate of thermal decomposition. The temperature ranges of the chemical reactions leading to the formation of mesophase structures, as well as the temperature ranges of the coking processes of the Fixed Carbon phase, were determined. © 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Author-supplied keywords

  • A. Coal tar pitch, Mesophase pitch
  • B. Heat treatment
  • C. Thermal analysis
  • D. Reaction kinetics

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