An analytical study on gender differences in self-reported oral health care and problems of Japanese employees

  • Kawamura M
  • Wright F
  • Sasahara H
 et al. 
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Abstract

The purpose of this survey was to clarify gender differences in
self-reported oral health care and problems of Japanese employees. A
60-item questionnaire named Dental Checker(R) was used in a project on
oral health in the working place. Subjects were 77,845 Japanese
employees (males, 52,345; females, 25,500). The Mantel-Haenszel
chi-square test was used to clarify gender differences among
respondents. Of great significance was a finding that 81.8% of females
felt uncomfortable when they slept without brushing their teeth, as
contrast with 58.8% of males (Pmale employees answered that they were too busy to go to the dentist,
while 36.8% of females answered in this way (Pminority reported occasional use of dental floss (males; 13.2%,
females; 24.9%, Pfound for all 18 behavioral items, and in each case, females generally
reported `healthier' behavior than males. Although differences between
genders were small with respect to their assessment of the risk factors
of periodontal disease, male employees were more likely to report bad
breath, enlarged spaces between teeth, food impaction, chewing
restriction, and tooth mobility than females (PFindings suggest that gender as well as age remains an important
consideration when planning dental health education or other
interventions at the workplace.

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Authors

  • M Kawamura

  • F A C Wright

  • H Sasahara

  • Y Yamasaki

  • S Suh

  • Y Iwamoto

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