Anatomic properties of myocardial bridge predisposing to myocardial infarction

  • Ishikawa Y
  • Akasaka Y
  • Suzuki K
 et al. 
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BACKGROUND: A myocardial bridge (MB) that partially covers the course of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) sometimes causes myocardial ischemia, primarily because of hemodynamic deterioration, but without atherosclerosis. However, the mechanism of occurrence of myocardial infarction (MI) as a result of an MB in patients with spontaneously developing atherosclerosis is unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred consecutive autopsied MI hearts either with MBs [MI(+)MB(+) group; n=46] or without MBs (n=54) were obtained, as were 200 normal hearts, 100 with MBs [MI(-)MB(+) group] and 100 without MBs. By microscopy on LADs that were consecutively cross-sectioned at 5-mm intervals, the extent and distribution of LAD atherosclerosis were investigated histomorphometrically in conjunction with the anatomic properties of the MB, such as its thickness, length, and location and the MB muscle index (MB thickness multiplied by MB length), according to MI and MB status. In the MI(+)MB(+) group, the MB showed a significantly greater thickness and greater MB muscle index (P

Author-supplied keywords

  • Anatomy
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Myocardium

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  • Yukio Ishikawa

  • Yoshikiyo Akasaka

  • Koyu Suzuki

  • Mieko Fujiwara

  • Takafumi Ogawa

  • Kazuto Yamazaki

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