Anatomy of student models in adaptive learning systems: A systematic literature review of individual differences from 2001 to 2013

  • Nakić J
  • Granić A
  • Glavinić V
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This study brings an evidence-based review of user individual characteristics employed as sources of adaptation in recent adaptive learning systems. Twenty-two user individual charac-teristics were explored in a systematically designed search procedure, while 17 of them were identified as sources of adaptation in final selection. The content analysis of 98 selected pub-lications that include evidence of adaptation efficiency is conducted. The quantitative repre-sentation of the findings shows current trends in the research of individual differences, as well as the tendencies of their further employment in student modeling. The paper contributes to the body of knowledge on user individual differences and consequently to the research and development of adaptive learning systems. Additional contribution of the study is in- depth description of development and evaluation of the search strategy which makes the method easily replicable as well as suitable for modification and employment in systematic literature review in any research field.

Author-supplied keywords

  • adaptive learning system
  • evaluation studies
  • individual differences
  • learning experience
  • learning performance
  • student model attributes

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  • Jelena Nakić

  • Andrina Granić

  • Vlado Glavinić

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